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English Language

VOWEL SOUND

Vowel sounds are produced when the airstream flows from the lungs to the mouth without obstruction. There are fourteen-four sounds segments in English, which comprises of twenty (20) vowels and twenty four (24) consonants. Consonant sounds are produced with obstruction or interrupt flow of air from the lungs.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF ENGLISH VOWEL

 The vowels in English are classified into two main groups. Pure vowel (monophthongs) and diphthong.  The pure vowels are sub-divided or classified into short and long vowels.

 

CONSONANT SOUND

The obstruction that occurred in the production of consonant sound could be “partial” or “total”. For example, when consonant /P/ is produced, the flow of the air is obstructed by the lips. The obstruction here is called a total obstruction because the flow of air is completely obstructed, unlike /f/ it is partial.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF CONSONANT SOUND

Manner of                              State of                                   Place of

Articulation                            Glosses                                  Articulation

STOP PLOSIVE                     Voiceless    Voiced

P                      b                      Bilabial

t                       d                      alveolar

k                      g                      velar

 

FRICATIVE                             f                       v                      Labio-dental

O                     2                      Dental

S                      z                      Alveolar

S                      3                      Palato – Alveolar

h                                              Glottal

 

AFFRICATIVE                                      tg                            dz                           Palato Alveolar

 

LATERAL                                                        l                       Alveolar

 

LIQUID                                                            r                       Alveolar

 

SEMI VOWEL                                                w                                Bilabial

j                       Palatal

NASAL                                                            m                     Bilabial

n                      Alveolar

J                      Velar

 

See also

INTRODUCTION TO DIPHTHONGS

Guided Composition (Narrative)

FUTURE TENSE

Contrasting Vowels

COMPOSITION

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