Skip to content

TEXTILE FIBRES

  The following sub-topics will be covered under this topic:

  1. Classification of Textile Fibres
  2. Properties of Textile Fibres

 

Fibres

Fibres are classified into two main groups:

–  Natural

–  Man-made

–  Wool fibre

 

Natural Fibres

  1. Animal
  2. Plant
  3. Mineral

Animal Fibres

  1. Wool
  2. Silk

Plant Fibres

  1. Cotton
  2. Linen

 

Man-made Fibres

These are fibres that are not made purely from natural raw materials.

They are classified into two groups:

  1. Regenerated
  2. Synthetic
See also  PRESSING EQUIPMENT

Regenerated Fibres

They are made from natural fibres treated with chemical substances.

They include:

  1. Viscose Rayon
  2. Acetate Rayon

 

Viscose Rayon

Viscose rayon is made from cotton linters and chemicals.

–  Spinneret

–  Acetate Rayon

–  Acetate rayon is made from wood pulp and chemicals.

 

Synthetic Fibres

Synthetic fibres are made from chemicals.

These chemicals are derived from coal, oil or petroleum products.

The fibres are made through a process known as polymerisation where polymers are made by the combination of small molecules.

They include:

  1. Polyamide
  2. Polyester
  3. Polyacrylics

 

Polyamide

They are made from benzene (from coal), oxygen and nitrogen (from air) and hydrogen (from water).

See also  FLOWER ARRANGEMENT

Polyamide under the microscope

Polyester

Polyester fibres are derived from petroleum.

Polyacrylics

This is produced from acrylonitrile, a liquid produced from petroleum or natural gas.

Elastomerics

They are elastic and rubber like substances made from polyunethane.

–  Properties of Textile Fibres

–  Properties of Cotton Cotton is produced from the cotton plant.

It is one of the most popular natural fibres used to make personal and household articles.

 

See also

BODY MEASUREMENTSDISEASES

Wrist measurement

SYNTHETIC FIBRES

WOOL

cotton

SUBSCRIBE BELOW FOR A GIVEAWAY

Do You Like Our Lesson? Please Leave A Comment Below ↓

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

A Free Giveaway

Stand a chance to qualify for a giveaway from us. We love to support our members.

By entering your email address, you agree to receive giveaway, promos, updates & newsletters from us.

Thank You

You have successfully entered for a chance to win N 3,000

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

SCHOOL PORTAL NG will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.