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INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

Definition of Physical Education

Physical education can be defined as the education that deals with the all round development of an individual through carefully selected physical activities. It can also be described as an integral part of the total process of education that makes use of selected and properly conducted physical activities in the development of the whole individual.

 

Objectives of Physical Education

The objectives of physical education include the following:

(i) Physical development

(ii) Mental development

(iii) Social development

(iv) Emotional development

(v) Skills development

 

Components of Physical and Health Education

Physical and health education is made up of two broad subjects, namely;

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(i) Physical education

(ii) Health education

 

Scope/Branches of Physical Education

The scope/branches of physical education are as follows:

(i) Sports and games

(ii) Aquatic sports

(iii) Gymnastics

(iv) Athletics

(v) Martial arts

(vi) Safety education

(vii) Recreation

(viii) Rhythm and dance

Definition of Health

Health according to World Health Organisation (W.H.O) defined health as a state of complete physical, social, mental well-being of an individual not merely the absence of diseases or infirmities.

 

Meaning of Health Education

Health education consist of all learning experiences which influence the individual’s knowledge, habits and attitudes towards the promotion and maintenance of one’s health, that of family and the community.

 

Objectives of Health Education

The objectives of health education include the following:

(i) To provide beneficial health information.

(ii) To modify health behaviour.

(iii) Promotion of health services available/uses of health services available.

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(iv) To influence cultural norms , values superstitious beliefs.

 

Scope/Branches of Health Education

The scope/branches of health education are as follows:

(i) Drug education

(ii) Sex education

(iii) Consumer health

(iv) Personal and community health

(v) Personal hygiene

(vi) First aid.

 

EVALUATION

  1. What is physical education?
  2. List five objectives of physical education.
  3. Identify five scopes of health education.
  4. List five physical activities.

 

See also

What is Water?

SEWAGE AND REFUSAL DISPOSAL

PERSONAL

CONTACT AND NON-CONTACT SPORTS

NON-CONTACT SPORTS

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