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DEFINITION OF STI /HIV/AIDS

STIs means sexually transmitted infections.

  1. HIV stand for Human Immunodeficiency Virus while AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
  2. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
  3. HIV destroys the body defence system while AIDS is the name given to the condition that occurs when HIV has weakened the body’s immune system.

 

HOW HIV / AIDS CAN BE TRANSMITTED

HIV is found in the body fluids (blood, semen, pre-ejaculatory fluids and matured maternal milk). HIV can be transmitted when the fluid body fluid of an infected person enters the body of another person. This can happen through the following ways:

  1. during sexual intercourse
  2. during blood transfusion
  3. When using unsterilized skill piercing instruments, e.g. needles, syringe razor blades, circumcision and other skin piercing instruments.
  4. From an infected mother to her baby through breast feeding.

 

COUNSELLING AND TESTING FOR HIV

People living with HIV and AIDS need proper information, counselling, care and support. They should be advised to:

  1. Protect themselves against any form of sexually transmitted infections
  2. Avoid passing the infection to other through unprotected sexual intercourse
  3. Share information about their HIV status with their spouses and those they trust.
  4. Eat nourishing food and take plenty of rest
  5. Seek counselling about pregnancy for the health of both the mother and child.

 

HOW TO PREVENT HIV/ AIDS

There is no vaccine to prevent HIV infection but scientists are working very hard to develop one. However, some of these behaviours can be adopted to prevent the infection.

  1. Practise safe sex.
  2. Stick to one faithful unaffected partner.
  3. Abstain from sex .
  4. Ensure you transfuse or receive only screened blood.
  5. Infected mothers should seek advice during pregnancy on choice of drug therapy and consideration of breast feeding and delivery options

SAFE AGE FOR REPRODUCTION

The preventive measure mentioned above save teenagers from early marriage

 

General Evaluation

  1. State the full meaning of HIV and AIDS.
  2. State the symptoms of AIDS.
  3. State the difference between HIV and AIDS
  4. How can HIV positive be advised?
  5. Mention four preventive measures against HIV
  6. State the full meaning of HIV and AIDS.
  7. State the symptoms of AIDS.
  8. State the difference between HIV and AIDS
  9. How can HIV positive be advised?
  10. Mention four preventive measure against HIV
  11. Mention four fluids through which HIV / AIDS can be transmitted.
  12. Mention four ways through which HIV / AIDS can be transmitted.
  13. Mention four counselling that can be given to an HIV / AIDS patient.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. What is the meaning of HIV?
  2. Human immunodisease virus B. Human immno destroying virus C. Human immunodeficiency virus D. all
  3. The virus that causes AIDS is ———–
  4. HIV B. plasmodium C. kissing D. all
  5. AIDS means ———-
  6. acquired immune deficiency syndrome B. acquired immune deficiency sickness C. acquired immune deficiency system D. none
  7. HIV / AIDS can be transmitted through the following ways except A. during kissing   B. during sexual intercourse  C. using sterilized object D. none
  8. Which of the following body fluids does not transmit HIV?  A.  semen  B. sweat
  9. maternal milk none.

 

THEORY

  1. Mention three symptoms of AIDS
  2. Mention four ways through which HIV can be transmitted

 

See also

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

IMPLICATION OF TENAGE PREGNANCY

HUMAN REPRODUCTION

HUMAN REPRODUCTION

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

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