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FLORICULTURE – ORNAMENTAL PLANTS | IMPORTANCE, SPECIES, CULTIVATION, SOURCES, MAINTENANCE

Agricultural Science

Floriculture: is a discipline of horticulture that is concerned with the production and management of ornamental plants. Ornamental plants are beautiful trees or shrubs which can be used to decorate our environments.

 IMPORTANCE OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

  1. Sources of employment e.g florists.
  2. Serves as source of income.
  3. For expression of love and as gift on special occasions.
  4. For decoration.
  5. For fencing.
  6. For medicinal preparation.
  7. Sources of food.
  8. Purification of the air.
  9. For teaching and learning purposes.
  10. Provision of shades.
  11. Serves as wind breaks.
  12. Beautification of the environment.
  13. Sources of livestock feed.
  14. Serves as tourist centres.
  15. Source of revenue to the government.
  16. For preparation of dyes.

EVALUATION

  1. What is floriculture?
  2. List seven uses of ornamental plants.

 

COMMON SPECIES OF ORNAMENTAL TREES, SHRUBS AND FLOWERS

ORNAMENTAL TREES

  1. Frangi pani
  2. Neem cassia
  3. Royal palm
  4. Balsam
  5. Flame of forest
  6. India almond
  7. Casuarinas
  8. Delonix

 

ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS

  1. Allamanda
  2. Crotons
  3. Ixora
  4. Cauliflower
  5. Acalypha
  6. Hibiscus
  7. Wild rose
  8. Bougainvillea
  9. Zinnia
  10. Dutchman’s pipe

 

ORNAMENTAL FLOWERS

  1. Justicia
  2. Cana lily
  3. Morning glory
  4. Crotalaria
  5. Water lettuce
  6. Lantana
  7. Sun flower
  8. Marigold
  9. Commelina
  10. Clitoria

 

CULTIVATION OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

The cultivation of ornamental flower includes:

  1. Selection of site that is well drained and easily accessible.
  2. Choice of planting materials which can be seeds or vegetative parts such as stems, roots, leaves (e.g bryophylum) and stolons
  3. Methods of cultivation
  • Use of prepared bed
  • Direct sowing to the soil
  • Use of nylon bag
  • Use of pots
  1. Provision of shades
  2. Organic manuring
  3. Regular weeding
  4. Regular watering

 EVALUATION

  • List two each of ornamental shrubs, trees and flowers
  • List three propagative material in cultivating flowers.

 

SOURCES OF PLANTING MATERIALS

The planting materials such as seeds, cut stems, leaves, stolons or rhizomes can be obtained from;

  1. Established private horticultural gardens
  2. Higher institution botanical garden
  3. Government owned horticultural centres
  4. Private houses and offices
  5. Imported ornamental trees and flowers
  6. Resort or recreational centres

 

MAINTENANCE OF HORTICULTURAL PLANTS/FLOWERS

  1. Provision of shades
  2. Regular watering
  3. Regular weeding
  4. Fertilizer application
  5. Fencing
  6. Regular pruning

 GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What are ornamental plants?
  2. List five examples of ornamental flowers
  3. List five examples of ornamental shrubs
  4. List five uses of ornamental plants
  5. Explain five maintenance practice in planting of ornamental crops.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Revision questions 5 and 6 in Essential Agricultural Science for Senior Secondary Schools Chapter 25, page 236

 WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

SECTION A

  1. The following are ornamental trees except _____. A. frangi poni B.balsam C. royal palm D. ixora
  2. Which of the following is not an ornamental shrubs? A. allamenda B.crotons C. hibiscus D.casuarinas
  3. The following are ornamental flowers except ____. A.justicia B. carnalityC. crotalaria D. balsam
  4. The following are legumes except ______. A. centro B. stylo C. calapo D. panicum maximum
  5. ______ are cultivated purposedly for feeding animals. A. arable crops B. ornamental crops C. forage crops D. farm trees

 SECTION B

  1. A. What is Floriculture
  1. State four ways in which ornamental plants is beneficial to man
  2. A. List eight species of ornamental
  3. State five effects of deforestation on the environment

See also

FOREST MANAGEMENT

MEANING OF PASTURES AND FORAGE CROPS | FULL EXPLANATION

LIVESTOCK PARASITES AND THEIR LIFE CYCLES

ANIMAL PROTOZOAN DISEASES | SYMPTOMS, TRANSMISSION, EFFECTS, PREVENTIVE AND CURATIVE CONTROL

ANIMAL FUNGAL DISEASES | SYMPTOMS, TRANSMISSION, EFFECTS, PREVENTIVE AND CURATIVE CONTROL

 

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