First aid: – is the immediate and temporary care given to an accident victim or to a person who suddenly becomes sick until medical attention is provided by a qualified doctor or health practitioner.

Safety– simply refers to the measures that are taken in other to be free from all types of danger in the environment

Safety Education– is the acquisition of knowledge and skills which are used to create safety skills, prevent accidents and take care of emergencies.

 

                                   ACCIDENT

Accident is an unexpected and undesirable event that occurs suddenly resulting in injury, loss or damage to properties and even death.

Accident can also be defined as an unintended and unforeseen event, usually resulting in personal injury or property damage.

                               TYPES OF ACCIDENTS

  1. Home accidents/ domestic
  2. School accident
  3. Transportation accidents
  4. Work place/ industrial accident
  5. Sports accident

 

  1. Home accidents—these are accidents that occur in the home, surroundings and neighborhood. Most of the accidents at home are in form of cuts, falls, poison, burns, scalds, suffocation and dislocation as a result of slippery surfaces.
See also  Martial Art

 

MEASURES FOR PREVENTING HOME ACCIDENTS

  1. Always keep drugs and other dangerous materials out of reach of the children
  2. Take adequate rest when necessary
  3. Avoid being in haste
  4. Always maintain clean environment
  5. Always maintain proper arrangement at home

 

  1. School accident—are accidents that occur within the school compound in areas like laboratories, playing ground, canteen and halls. The accident occurs in form of falls, cut, dislocation, burns, strains, sprains and fracture.

 

MEASURES FOR PREVENTING SCHOOL ACCIDENTS

  1. Proper arrangement of laboratories with laboratory attendants.
  2. Good supervision / adequate instructions
  3. Adequate facility and equipment
  4. Proper use of machines and equipment
  5. Clean environment/ safe playground

 

  1. Transportation accidents—these are accidents that occur on road, in the sea, on the rail and in the air. Transportation accident is usually fatal and resulting in death or complicated injuries.

 

MEASURES FOR PREVENTING TRANSPORTATION ACCIDENTS

  1. Take adequate rest when necessary
  2. Avoid being in a hurry or over speeding
  3. Always concentrate when driving/ piloting.
  4. Use of safety devices should always be encourage.
  5. Compliance with traffic laws and regulation

 

  1.  Work place/ Industrial accidents—these are accidents that occur in industries, construction, farming, manufacturing and other industries. Occupational accidents can lead to injuries, physical handicap and even death.
See also  PHYSICAL FITNESS AND BODY CONDITIONING

               MEASURES FOR PREVENTING WORK PLACE/ INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS

  1. Regular maintenance and repair of machines
  2. Safety rules must be obeyed and adhere to
  3. Objects must be properly handed
  4. Avoid using tools and machine when tired.

 

  1. Sports Accidents—Are accidents that occur during sporting activities which can leads to reduction or total loss of function of the part or the whole body. The accident occurs in form of dislocation, sprain, strain, fracture, muscle cramp, muscle pull, wound and bleeding.

 

MEASURES FOR PREVENTING SPORTS ACCIDENTS

  1. Wear appropriate sports wear
  2. The playing field should be inspected and cleared of any dangerous objects
  3. Progress from simple to complex activities
  4. Follow the rules and regulations of any game or sport you participate in
  5. Know your limits or ability and stop when tired

 

ASSIGNMENT

Define the following terms;

  1. Safety
  2. Safety education
  3. First aid
  4. Accidents
  5. Sports accident
  6. Road accident
  7. Home accident
  8. Occupational/ work place accident

See also

DANCE

RECREATION

WATER SUPPLY

MEANING OF SEWAGE AND REFUSE

HEALTH DETERMINANTS

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