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CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES

Catering, Home economics, Home management

It is important to understand the clothing construction processes in order to come up with garments that are well fitting.

 

In this topic we shall cover the following:

Collars

Cuffs

Set- in sleeves

Facing and Interfacing

Construction of a shirt

 

Collars

Collars are features that are fitted at the neckline to add style and appeal to the garment.

There are many types of collars which include:

 

Attaching the Collar

Collars are attached using the following methods:

  1. Self-neatening
  2. Using a facing
  3. Using a cross-way strip

 

In this topic, we shall cover two methods:

Self neatening method

Using a cross-way strip

 

Attaching the shirt collar using the self neatening method

With the raw edges level, fitting lines, centre back and notches matching, place the right side of under collar on the right side of garment leaving the upper collar free, pin and tack along the fitting line

Remove the pins and machine along the tacking

Remove the tacking, trim the seam allowance to 6mm and snip

Trim the seam allowance of the upper collar to 1cm. fold along the fitting line to the wrong side

Pin and tack ensuring the raw edges are enclosed

Remove the pins and hem in position

Remove the tacking and press

Attaching a peter pan collar using the cross-way strip

 

Sleeves

A sleeve is a part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and covers all or part of the arm.

Sleeves can either be set-in or cut as part of the garment.

In this topic, we shall only cover the set-in sleeves.

 

Types of sleeves

Preparation of a set-in sleeve

The following is a pattern of a sleeve showing the pattern markings:

The procedure of preparing a set-in sleeve

Setting in a sleeve

When setting in a sleeve, ensure the left sleeve is attached to the left armhole while the right sleeve is attached to the right armhole.

The following is the procedure of setting in a sleeve.

 

Cuffs

A cuff is a method of finishing the lower edge of a sleeve.

There are two main types of cuffs:

Shaped

Straight

 

See also:

FOOD PRESERVATION

FLOWER ARRANGEMENT

FURNISHING THE HOUSE

FURNISHING THE HOME

LIGHTING IN THE HOME

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