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CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS

CHARACTERISTICS OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS

Plants exist in different forms. These are:

  1. Treesg. mango, orange, guava, pawpaw, etc.
  2. Flowers such as ice plant, hibiscus, yellow bush, pride of Barbados, etc.
  • Herbs like crotalaria, carpet grass, Bahamas grass etc.

Animals can be classified as:

  1. Vertebratesg. man, cat, goat, sheep, cow, chicken, rabbit etc.
  2. Invertebratesg. tse-tse fly, earthworm, cockroach etc.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS AND ANIMALS

S/N CHARACTERISTICS PLANTS ANIMALS
1 Movement Passive movement Active movement
2 Reproduction Mostly asexual reproduction Mostly sexual reproduction
3 Nutrition Autotrophic Heterotrophic
4 Irritability Response to stimuli is slow Response to stimuli is quick
5 Excretion No developed excretory system Well-developed excretory system
6 Respiration Plants do not have complex organs for respiration Animals have complex organs for respiration
7 Food/feeding Plant produce their food Animals feed on already made food
8 Sense organs No sense organs Well-developed sense organs
9 Shape No definite shape because of the branches Have definite shape
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CLASSWORK

  1. Mention the two broad classification of living things
  2. Give five examples of living things and non – living things

ASSIGNMENT

SECTION A

  1. Which of these following statement is true of plants (a) they have active movement (b) they do not respond to stimuli (c) they take in carbon dioxide (d) they depend on animals for food
  2. Which of the following is odd? (a) earthworm (b) fish (c) man (d) lizard
  3. The following are living things except? (a) earthworm (b) air (c) insects (d) termites
  4. Which of these is a flowering plant? (a) oil palm (b) pride of Barbados (c) maize plant (d) okro plant
  5. Which of these is not correct about plants (a) response to stimuli is fast (b) they do not have well developed respiratory organs (c) movement is passive (d) feeding is autotrophic
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SECTION B

  1. Define living things
  2. State three characteristics of plants and of animals

 

See also

LIVING AND NON-LIVING THINGS

MATTER

BODY IMAGE

HANDLING PUBERTAL CHANGES IN BOYS AND GIRLS

HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

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