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ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE

The force exerted by gases in the atmosphere on some area or body on the earths surface. Measured using barometers of three types namely mercury, aneroid and Fortin Barometers

How It Works

  • Air exerts pressure on the mercury in the beaker.
  • The height of mercury in the tube is proportional to the atmospheric pressure.
  • The readings are taken in mmHg.
  • Its 760mmHg at sea level

 

Advantage

Quite accurate

Disadvantage

  1. Cumbersome to carry around.
  2. Can be damaged quite easily while being carried around.

 

Aneroid Barometer

-Measures changes in atmospheric pressure.

How It Works

  • Has air tight compartment (vacuum).
  • Compartment expands when pressure decreases.
  • It collapses when pressure increases.
  • The movement is transmitted by lever to a pointer on a dial.
  • The readings are in kg/cm3.
See also  TOURISM | FACTORS & IMPORTANCE

 

Evaporation

The rate and amount of evaporation is measured using piche and tank evaporimeters.

Piche Evaporimeter

  • When there is a lot of sunshine water evaporates from the blotting paper.
  • The level of water in the glass tube reduces.
  • The rate and amount of evaporation is got by looking at the scale on the outside of the glass tube.
  • The units are in mm.

 

Tank Evaporimeter

How It Works

  • The tank with water is put in the open.
  • Water evaporates when there is a lot of sunshine.
  • Water in the tank reduces.
  • The rate and amount of evaporation is got from calibrations in the inner side of the tank in mm.
See also  RAINFALL

 

Cloud Cover

The amount of cloud cover is observed using eyes.

It’s given in oktas.

Okta=approximately 1/8 of sky is covered with clouds.

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