|To make a computer do anything you have to write a computer program. To write a computer program you have to tell the computer, step by step exactly what you want it to do.
An Algorithm can be defined as the set of rules and sequential steps that define how a particular problem can be solved in finite and ordered sequence.
An Algorithm written in a computer is called a program. Simply speaking an Algorithm is called the heart of programing. An Algorithm describes a method by which a given task is accomplished.
A Flow Chart is the pictorial representation in which symbols are used to show the various operations and decisions to be followed in solving a problem.
FUNCTIONS OF ALGORITHMS
An Algorithm generally takes some input, carries out a number of effective steps in a finite amount of time, and produces some output
CHARACTERISTICS OF ALGORITM
1. UNAMBIGUOUS: It should state clearly what each line of the Algorithm does
2. DEFINITE AND EFFECTIVE: This implies the successful termination of the program.
Thus every Algorithm should have the following characteristics
An Algorithm uses the words BEGIN start and END to end
BEGIN(start of algorithm)
END(END OF ALGORITHM)
An algorithm to print ten odd numbers
Input : the start number
Output: First ten odd numbers
1. Let the first number be n
2. n =1
3. Print n
4. Count c =1
5. Add 2 to n
6. Add 1 to c
7. Is c > 10 : Go to step 5
9. End algorithm
An algorithm to print average of given sets of numbers
Input: read the value of n where n is the total numbers we have
Output: the average of numbers
1. Read n
2. I =1, sum =0
3. If i>n go to 9
4. Read the value of X
5. SUM =SUM +x
6. I =I +1
7. Go to 3
8. Average = SUM/ n
9. Print Average
|1. List and explain stages involved in program development
2. List examples of a compiled and interpreted program
Student are allowed to give corrections to the assessment given by the teacher ,while the teacher support s them in order to guide them