Origin of U.N.O
The United Nation Organization came into being on October 24, 1945 as a successor to the League of Nations, which collapsed as a result of the Second World War. The formation of the U.N.O. was led by the victorious powers, which were United Kingdom, America, Russia and China. The United Nation has its headquarters in New York, United States of America. Admission into the U.N.O is open to all peace loving countries.
The Principles of U.N.O
- Respect for the sovereign equality of all nations.
- Provision of military assistance to troubled states when it is called to do so.
- Promotion of democratic principles.
- Maintenance of international peace and security.
- The use of force in settling dispute should be discouraged.
- Peaceful settlement of disputes.
- Unity and cooperation among member nations.
Aims and Objectives of the U.N.O
- To maintain international peace and security.
- To settle disputes through peaceful means.
- To respect the sovereignty of member states.
- To promote and encourage respect for human rights.
- To develop friendly relations among states.
- To accelerate the independence of trust territories.
- Discuss the origin of the U.N.O.
- State 4 aims and objectives of the U.N.O.
Essential government by C.C. Dibie pages 251-252
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS
- Highlight 5 principles upon which the U.N.O was founded
- What is Non-alignment? Examine the advantages of the policy
- Why is veto power given to the five permanent members of the Security Council of the U.N.O?
- What are the effects of Second World War on Nationalism in Nigeria?
- The United Nations Organization was formed in (a) 1949 (b) 1956 (c) 1945
- The international organization that existed before the formation of the U.N.O was (a) the League of Nations (b) ECOWAS (c) Commonwealth
- Nigeria became the ____member of the U.N.O. (a) 89th (b) 99th (c) 95th
- The charter of the U.N.O was drawn in (a) Washington (b) Newyork (c) Geneva
- The main reason for establishing the U.N.O is to _____ (a) fight international war (b) stop colonialism (c) maintain world peace
- Give 3 aims and objectives of the U.N.O.
- State 4 principles of the U.N.O.
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