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Culture can be defined as the total way of life of a particular group of people in a society.


  1. Material culture
  2. Non-material culture

Material Culture:-  This are tangible materials we can see physically produced by a society to meet people’s needs.  Such include; cloth, cooking utensils, houses, food, art works and crafts, hoes, cutlass, knife, spoons, etc.

Non-material Culture:-  This are non-physical aspects of a society culture.  They are intangible things that can not been seen but feel.  Examples are; belief, values, languages, music, religion etc.

Characteristics of culture

  1. It is dynamic – Nigerian culture is never static it changes as people living in the society changes. Our dressing, music, religion and so on are examples of dynamic culture.
  2. Culture is common to all societies – There is no society without culture this show the uniqueness of culture.
  3. Culture is learned – A child learns the culture of his society right from birth it could be through it observation, imitation, participation etc.
  4. It is adoptive in nature – An Hausa man who finds himself in Edo can eat Igbo dress and so on because he has the tendency to adjust and adopt to Igbos ways of life.
  5. It differs from society to society:- Each tribe has its own culture which makes them unique and peculiar.  Differences in mode of dressing, beliefs, food, language and so on.


PERIOD II – Subtopic:-  Cultural similarities and Differences in Nigeria.


  1. Religion:- Nigerians practice and worship many gods such as non-living things, animals, stones, iron etc before the advent of the missionaries and Islamic religion.
  2. Respect for Elders:- This is very common away tribes in Nigeria.  They teach their young one’s how to greet and respect people around them.
  3. Marriage:- Payment of bride price is common among all Nigerians tribe
  4. Family Culture:- Most Nigerian’s tribe encourage polygamy because of farming activities and sees it as a way of expanding their family,


  1. Language:- Each Nigerian tribe differs in language and dialects
  2. Dressing:- There are differences in the mode of dressing in all  tribes in Nigeria.  Yoruba men wear buba, agbada, dansiki, file abetiaja while igbo men wear buba and Iro with their stick and hat.
  3. Marriage:- Different tribes have different ways of conducting their marriage ceremonies and payment of dowries.
  4. Food:- there are differences in the types of food to eat pounded yam and egusi soup, akpu with ogbona and okporoko soup among te ibos, while tuwo is very common among the Hausa.
  5. Adornment:- Each tribe has different tribal marks which helps in identifying their people.



  1. Define culture
  2. List the two types of culture
  3. State 3 characteristics of culture
  4. Highlight 3 similarities and difference of Nigeria culture.


Assignment:-  Nigeria culture is unique. Explain with typical examples two things that makes Nigeria culture unique

See also:

Abstinence II

Abstinence I

Ways of solving common social problems in Nigeria


Safety clubs as an agent of socialization


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