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DEFINITIONS OF OCCUPATION

An occupation is what a person does in order to earn a living. Examples are teaching, law, trading, medicine, etc

 

DIVISION OR TYPES OF OCCUPATION

There are five main divisions or types of occupation which are

  1. Extractive occupation
  2. Manufacturing Occupation
  3. Constructive occupation
  4. Commercial occupation
  5. Services occupation

These can be shown in diagram as follows

 

TYPES OF OCCUPATION

Extractive Manufacturing                 ConstructiveCommercialService

Agriculture     Food processing           Road building       Banking     Direct               Indirect

Oil drilling      Household goods     Bridge building      InsuranceLesson teacher                  Army

Mining Printing                                   House building      Warehousing             family doctor          police           Housemaid                                                                                Transportation       Housemaid                     Street cleaner

Fishing                                                             Advertising                  Entertainer

Hunting                                                           Communication

Tourism

 

EXTRACTIVE OCCUPATION

Involves the occupation of those who extract or bring out raw materials and natural resources from the soil or sea. They include farming, fishing, hunting, etc. Extractive occupations are also classified under primary industry because they involve early stages of production.

 

EVALUATION

  1. List six examples of extractive occupation.
  2. What is primary industry?

 

MANUFACTURING OCCUPATION

This involves the turning of raw materials produced by the extractive industry into finished products for example raw materials are turned to sweets, shirts, orange juice, etc. 

Constructive Occupation

  1. This involves the occupation of those who assemble different finished materials to build roads, bridges, railways, etc.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Explain manufacturing occupations and constructive occupation
  2. Which one comes first and why?

 

COMMERCIAL OCCUPATION

This involves all the activities concerned with enabling  products movefrom the factory to the final consumers. These include transporters, insurers, bankers. Warehouseworkers, etc

 

SERVICES OCCUPATION

The occupations under this involves the given of special types of help or work to customers/clients. These do not concern production of goods or visible items.

There are two divisions in this occupation – direct services and indirect services. Direct services are those paid for directly by the client to the service provider e.g a family pay, the lesson teacher directly for teaching a child, or pays a family doctor or housemaid. On the other hand, indirect services are rendered to the general public and are paid for by the government on behalf of the people. These include paying the soldier, the police, the street sweeper, etc by the government for the benefit of the people.

 

FACTORS WHICH AFFECT OCCUPATION

  • Skills and Training Education and training are important in the selection of occupation
  • Natural Endowment; The presence of natural resources such as iron ore, crude oil, etc. can influence the occupation of people in a particular environment.
  • Climate: The differences in occupation are to some extent influenced by the soil contion and to weather, eg hot weather or cold region.

 

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DIRECT AND INDIRECT SERVICES.

DIRECT SERVICES                                                                   INDIRECT SERVICES

Rendered directly to an individual or a family                      Rendered mainly by civil servants and public servants

Services paid for directly by the beneficiary to the               services are paid for by the government on behalf

Provider the people.                                                               ofthe people using the tax money paid in

 

EVALUATION

  1. Give five examples of direct services providers
  2. Give five examples of indirect services and their providers

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Explain extractive occupation and give six examples
  2. Define the manufacturing occupation giving six examples
  3. Define the constructive occupation; and give four example
  4. Differentiate between direct and indirect services occupations.
  5. Differentiate between manufacturing and constructive occupation.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT – SECTION A.

  1. A bridge engineer is involved in ____ occupation. A. Manufacturing B. Constructive C. Extractive Commercial
  2. ______is what a person does in order to earn a livingA. Teaching Music C. Occupation                      D. Labour
  3. ______ involves all the activities concerned with enabling products move from the factory to the final consumers. A. Extractive occupation     B. direct services occupation  C. commercial occupation                  D. Manufacturing occupation
  1. One of the following is NOT a member of the groupA. Teaching B. Fishing C. Hunting D. Farming
  2. A banker is involved in ____ occupationA. extractive B. manufacturing C. constructive D. commercial

 

Section B

  1. Draw a neat diagram with labels showing the branches of occupation.
  2. Give three examples each, of the branches of occupation.

 

See also

FACTORS OF PRODUCTION

THE CLERICAL STAFF

THE OFFICE

RIGHT ATTITUDE TO WORK

INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS STUDIES

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