THE ROLE OF CHEMISTRY IN SOCIETY
(a)Chemistry is used in the following:
(i) Washing/cleaning with soap:
Washing/cleaning is a chemical process that involves interaction of water, soap and dirt so as to remove the dirt from a garment.
(ii) Understanding chemicals of life
Living thing grow, respire and feed. The formation and growth of cells involve chemical processes in living things using carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins.
Adding baking powder to dough and then heating in an oven involves interactions that require understanding of chemistry.
Discovery, test, prescription and dosage of drugs to be used for medicinal purposes require advanced understanding of chemistry
(v) Fractional distillation of crude oil:
Crude oil is fractional distilled to useful portions like petrol, diesel, and kerosene by applying chemistry.
(vi) Manufacture of synthetic compounds/substances
Large amounts of plastics, glass, fertilizers, insecticides, soaps, cements, are manufactured worldwide.
Advanced understanding of the chemical processes involved is a requirement.
(vii) Diagnosis/test for abnormal body functions.
If the body is not functioning normally, it is said to be sick/ill. Laboratory test are done to diagnose the illness/sickness.
(b) The following career fields require Chemistry as one of subject areas of advanced/specialized study:
(i) Chemical engineering/chemical engineer
(ii) Veterinary medicine/Veterinary doctor
(iii) Medicine/Medical doctor/pharmacist/nurse
(v) Teaching/Chemistry teacher