The following sub-topics will be covered under this topic:
- Classification of Textile Fibres
- Properties of Textile Fibres
Fibres are classified into two main groups:
– Wool fibre
These are fibres that are not made purely from natural raw materials.
They are classified into two groups:
They are made from natural fibres treated with chemical substances.
- Viscose Rayon
- Acetate Rayon
Viscose rayon is made from cotton linters and chemicals.
– Acetate Rayon
– Acetate rayon is made from wood pulp and chemicals.
Synthetic fibres are made from chemicals.
These chemicals are derived from coal, oil or petroleum products.
The fibres are made through a process known as polymerisation where polymers are made by the combination of small molecules.
Polyamide under the microscope
Polyester fibres are derived from petroleum.
This is produced from acrylonitrile, a liquid produced from petroleum or natural gas.
They are elastic and rubber like substances made from polyunethane.
– Properties of Textile Fibres
– Properties of Cotton Cotton is produced from the cotton plant.
It is one of the most popular natural fibres used to make personal and household articles.
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