Technology (“science of craft”, from Greek τέχνη, techne, “art, skill, cunning of hand”; and -λογία, -logia[2]) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings.

 

The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment. Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. The steady progress of military technology has brought weapons of ever-increasing destructive power, from clubs to nuclear weapons.

 

Technology has many effects. It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today’s global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class. Many technological processes produce unwanted by-products known as pollution and deplete natural resources to the detriment of Earth’s environment. Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions of the ethics of technology. Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics.

 

Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionarymovements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.

 

                       TECHNOLOGY RELATED PROFESSION

  1. Aeronautical Engineering
  2. Architecture
  3. Chemical Engineering
  4. Civil Engineering
  5. Computer Science
  6. Electrical Engineering
  7. Mechanical Engineering
  8. Biomedical Engineering
  9. Environmental Engineering
  10. Civil Engineering
  11.  Computer Science

It is evident that technology touches each and every facet of our lives. Be it management of employees and inventories, searching answers to complex problems, or facilitating the lives of the sick and disabled, technology has magnificently enhanced the quality of life and also boosted the economy of the world

          Importance of technology

  1. Technology encourages learning in a positive manner
  2. It improves students’ skill sets
  3. It helps prepare the future workforce.
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Examples of technological use in the field of education include: use of spreadsheets for math and other topics, videoconferencing for distant learning, creation of web pages to display and share student work, Internet searches for exploring complex topics etc.

 

For technology to have positive impact in the field of education, teachers must ensure setting clear goals: else technology can be misused. Teachers also need to be trained and this education must be on-going. Technical support also needs to be provided in order to ensure correct handling of tools.

 

Importance of Technology in Business

Technology has also helped small businesses evolve and expand quickly. The use of social networking, video conferencing, virtual office tools and other such techniques have removed all boundaries, which, in the past, prevented growth. Thanks to technology; businesses, small and large, can reach a wider customer base and grow and expand.

 

Business technology has helped improve communication. Today, workers are not limited to phone calls alone; they can send emails and messages without the fear of interrupting the recipient. Mobile technology has also helped workers communicate ‘on the go’. Information is not limited to one or two channels, but multiple and faster ones.

 

In general, the efficiency of the workforce has also increased.  Employers are able to screen, recruit and hire potential candidates quickly; they are also able to inform about vacancies to larger number of applicants. Personality and IQ assessment tools have also been made available to employers and these make the screening process a lot smoother and streamlined. Digital filing has helped improve the organization and efficiency in the workplace. Printing costs, paper consumption and space can all be saved thanks to electronic filing systems.

 

Perhaps the greatest advantage of technology for businesses is the elimination of wastage of time and money. Thanks to videoconferencing and Internet, travel costs can be drastically cut down. A business can set up its presence across the Globe at a fraction of the cost required in the past.

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Also the work place has become much more safe. The percentage of accidents has been growing down in recent year thanks to  applying safe work boots, safe apparel for working conditions and applying strict safety rules.

 

Importance of Technology in Healthcare

The importance of technology in healthcare can be summarized with this single sentence:  “Technology saves lives”. Some of the objectives that healthcare information technology has fulfilled include:

  1. creation of social support networks for patients
  2. self management tools and resources that patients can use with ease
  3. easy access to accurate and actionable health information for patients and families
  4. quick communication and resolution of health risks and public health emergencies
  5. provision of newer opportunities to culturally diverse and hard to access nations
  6. improvement of quality and safety in health care
  7. improved public health infrastructure
  8. facilitation of clinical and consumer decision making
  9. development of health skills and know-how
  10. Creation of advanced fitness equipment that can help you exercise and improve your health considerably (like inversion tables (click here for more info) ; rowing machine; treadmills and more).
  11. Creation of cosmetic services for looking better: fighting hair loss with shampoos; cosmetic surgeyand electric razors.

 

Health technology has improved organization and efficiency. It has helped eliminate ambiguity and every record right from the billing to diagnostic and treatment can be maintained for easy access for healthcare providers. By using software and hardware tools, profiles of patients can be created so doctors can provide standardized treatment. This helps improve patient outcomes and thus reduces cost of health care.New Portable refrigerators had been created to help people travel for long periods of time safely, without issues.

 

In conclusion

Question:

  1. define technology
  2. mention 5 importance of technology

 

See also

Orthographic Drawing

Perspective Drawing

Oblique Drawing

Drawing Practices

Metal Processing

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