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SS 1 English Langiage (1st Term)

English Language

ESSAY WRITING: INFORMAL LETTER

“A LETTER TO THE SISTER WHO PLANS TO DIVORCE HER HUSBAND ADVISING HER AGAINST THE DECISION”  ESSAY WRITING: INFORMAL LETTER Content Definition Features Informal letters are private or personal letters. They are letters we write to people who are very familiar to us such as our parents, relatives, friends, classmates and other people with whom we have close relationship.   FEATURES OF AN INFORMAL LETTER Writer’s address Salutation e.g. first name as in ‘Dear Peter’,Dear Chike’, ‘Dear Kemi’, Dear Father or you include “My” “d” must be small when “My” is included e.g. My dear Mother Introduction It is best to start with acknowledging the receipt of a letter written to you by the person. You may also start by asking after the person’s health or any other way you like. Body of the letter: Do exactly what the questions says you should do to earn more marks. Subscript: Informal… Read More »ESSAY WRITING: INFORMAL LETTER

English Language

COMPREHENSION AND WRITING SKILLS

COMPREHENSION AND WRITING SKILLS Introduction to Summary Writing Content The Procedure Useful Hints The Test: Summary section seeks to test the candidate’s ability to extract or pick relevant information from a longer passage and present that information in clear, concise language. The Procedure Read over the passage once or twice for thorough understanding Read the questions based on the passage Read the passage once again making notes or jotting down points that will help you to answer the questions. Write out your answers. Read over the questions and your answer to ensure there is no error.   EVALUATION Read the passage on page 77 of Effective English and answer the summary questions on page 79   SPELLING: PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES Content Prefixes Suffixes Prefixes are words or syllable placed before a root-word to form another word; e.g. un, non, dis, mis, super, trans, ex e.t.c Prefixes Root New words un… Read More »COMPREHENSION AND WRITING SKILLS

English Language

INTRODUCTION TO ANSWERING COMPREHENSION

COMPREHENSION/ READING SKILLS INTRODUCTION TO ANSWERING COMPREHENSION CONTENT Introduction Basic Guide Comprehension simply means understanding Basic Guide Carefully check the instructions you are given. Read the passage through very quickly to grasp the general sense idea Quickly look at the questions thoroughly and keep them in mind. Read through the passage again more slowly trying to understand details as well as meanings of most of the words Answer the questions Limit your answer only to the information provided in the passage. Avoid including materials not found in the passage i.e. extraneous materials. Test on Synonyms or equivalent meaning Synonyms to the word costly include: expensive; extravagant, precious The substitute must fit into the passage perfectly if original word is removed. A plural noun or verb, requires a plural substance, and a singular noun or verb requires a singular substance e.t.c. The substitute, you provide must be of the same grammatical… Read More »INTRODUCTION TO ANSWERING COMPREHENSION

English Language

ADJECTIVE AND ADJECTIVAL PHRASE

THE JEWS The passage is about the Jews who looked at Abraham as their father. He made a covenant with God. The Jews were once enslaved by the Egyptians. The Jews moved to their country (Canaan) and later began to travel to other countries where they settled and became successful. Their main belief is that there is only one God.   EVALUATION Answer the questions below the passage. Page 61   STRUCTURE: ADJECTIVE AND ADJECTIVAL PHRASE Content Definition of Adjective Adjective phrases Adjective: It is a word which qualifies/modifies the noun or pronoun. Adjectives can be identified by certain suffixes like: able– drinkable ful-  successful   Adjectival Phrase It is a phrase that does the work of an adjective in a sentence i.e. It qualifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Examples The man with the red hair is my brother. (Prepositional Phrase /  an adjective phrase qualifying  man) The… Read More »ADJECTIVE AND ADJECTIVAL PHRASE

English Language

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT-TRANSPORTATION

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT-TRANSPORTATION AIR TRANSPORTATION Taxi- The process of a plane moving slowly along the ground before beginning to run forward for take-off. Runway: This is a wide path from which aircraft take off and on which they land. Tarmac: This is a surface of a road, runway at an airport. E,g The plane was waiting on a tarmac. Air hostess: A young woman who looks after passengers in an aircraft. Flight: A journey in a plane. Air borne: In the air. If a plane is airborne, it is in the air. Radar: This is the method of showing the direction and the distance of a plane by means of radio waves. Touch down: A plane touches down when it lands. Hangar: This is where aircraft are housed Control tower: This is where air traffic controllers sit and direct plane traffic Cockpit: A compartment in which the pilot of an aeroplane… Read More »VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT-TRANSPORTATION

English Language

FIGURES OF SPEECH: SIMILE, METAPHOR, IRONY AND PERSONIFICATION

COMPREHENSION/ORAL SKILLS ADVERTISING: Page 86-87 of the Effective English. The passage discusses about two basic objectives advertising, which are: to inform the target audience about the product or service; and to create or stimulate demand for the product or service through persuasion.    Evaluation Answer the questions below the passage.   FIGURES OF SPEECH Content: Meanings Kinds Figures of speech are ways of creating imagery by using figurative language, through which we conjure the picture of two or more things into writing and thereby bringing out very aptly the quantity or idea we are presenting. Examples:   SIMILE A simile is that figure of speech in which a likeness is definitely or formally expressed. It is introduced by “like” “as” e.t.c. Examples He runs like a hare Her cheeks appear as the dawn of day.   METAPHOR It is a figure of speech founded on the resemblance. It is also… Read More »FIGURES OF SPEECH: SIMILE, METAPHOR, IRONY AND PERSONIFICATION

English Language

COMPREHENSION/ READING SKILLS: SKIMMING AND SCANNING

COMPREHENSION / READING SKILLS The passage is a short extract from a full-length play. There are three characters; Salubi, Samson and Kotonou. Kotuno is a driver who wants to give up driving, Samson, a motor park tout, is his mate or conductor. Salubi  is a driver-trainee. EVALUATION Answer the questions under the comprehension passage.   STRUCTURE: NOUN PHRASE AND VERB PHRASE Content Definition Functions Definition:  A noun phrase is a phrase in which the main word or the head is a noun or pronoun. Functions:  The noun phrase performs exactly the same functions as a noun. (i) As subject of a sentence The big girl The big ugly girl in the class is quarrelsome. The big ugly girl who stammers is quarrelsome. A young talented Nigerian lady was presented an award last year. The boy in red shirt is my friend. We bought a brand new car.   The gerundial… Read More »COMPREHENSION/ READING SKILLS: SKIMMING AND SCANNING

English Language

ESSAY WRITING

ESSAY WRITING: TYPES OF ESSAYS; SPEECH WORK: MONOTHONGS, IDIOMS ESSAY WRITING Essay writing is an art of communication, it requires the acquisition of the necessary skills to attain excellence.   Types of Essays Narrative Descriptive Expository Argumentative Creative Writing   REPORT WRITING: FORMAL REPORT. A formal report can be that of a robbery, an accident, the proceedings of a meeting, a work-camp or a petition. One important requirement for writing a report is good knowledge of the use of the direct and indirect speech forms. Suppose you have to report to your principal, then, you will have to follow the procedure for writing a formal letter, giving your address. Example: Class1W 14th December,2010 The Principal, Queen of Apostles Secondary School, Zaria. Sir, Report of the Robbery in Amina Hostel.   (Text of the Report)   Signature Peter Andrew Prefect (Amina Hostel) Minutes of the Meetings Another form of report is… Read More »ESSAY WRITING

English Language

INTRODUCTION TO PHRASAL VERBS. ADVERBS, CONJUNCTIONS AND PREPOSITIONS

Phrasal Verbs Verbs often combine with adverbial particles to form multi-word verbs or phrasal verbs.Its meanings cannot be determined from the meaning of the verb and the particles in isolation, rather, it has to be comprehended from the entire phrase Examples turn down: refuse :I turned down the offer give in: surrender: Our team refused to give in to their opponents. run across: meet by chance: We ran across an old friend yesterday at Aba. call off: cancel: The workers have  called off their strike. turn up: appear: He turned up as soon as we arrived. put off: postpone: The election was put off till the next meeting. come across: meet by chance: We came across Ledogo in the street. come through: experience: He has come through a lot of hardship in life. Phrasal verbs with double particles, and the whole combination has a single meaning e.g.put up with= tolerate… Read More »INTRODUCTION TO PHRASAL VERBS. ADVERBS, CONJUNCTIONS AND PREPOSITIONS

English Language

NOUN, PRONOUN, VERB ADJECTIVE, SPELLING; DOUBLING OF CONSONANTS

Review of Word Class- Parts of Speech Noun– A noun is a naming word. It is a name of a person, animal, place, thing or and idea. Nouns also cover names like those of institutions, months and days, and abstract ideas. Below are examples of nouns: Names of people: Uche, Peterson, Adebisi, Falase Names of places: Beijing, Meiran, Atan Ota, London, Sweden, Canada Names of things: table, chair, house, lap top, radio etc Names of Institutions: family, tribe, Christianity, Islam, university etc Names of months and days: January, February, December, Sunday, Thursday, Friday. Names of Abstract ideas: beauty, knowledge, emotion, hope, courage, wisdom, empathy etc.   FEATURES OF NOUNS Most nouns form their plurals with ending – ‘s’ or –‘es’: girl – girls, box – boxes, church – churches Nouns are often used with articles, demonstratives and adjectives, e.g a cup, an hour , a church, that house, black girl,… Read More »NOUN, PRONOUN, VERB ADJECTIVE, SPELLING; DOUBLING OF CONSONANTS

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