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Social Studies

Social Studies

SELF ESTEEM

Self-esteem refers to the perception, view or judgment a person makes about him or herself that affects his/her relationship with other people. It is the recognition of one’s qualities and it includes values, goals, talents, worth, physical make up and purpose in life.   TYPES OF SELF-ESTEEM There are basically two types of self-esteem: High self-esteem and low-self esteem. High self-esteem: This is a situation where a person attaches high sense of worth and value to him or herself. An individual with high self-esteem recognizes his or her own strength and skill and can accept and acknowledge successes and achievement. Such a person responds confidently to challenges and problem and practices positive thinking. Low self-esteem: This is when a person  experiences feeling of worthlessness, inadequacy, helplessness, inferiority, and a sense of being unable to improve his/her situation.   FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE SELF-ESTEEM The family as a primary agent of socialization… Read More »SELF ESTEEM

Social Studies

CULTISM IN OUR SOCIETY

Cultism is the ritual practices of a group of people whose negative activities, membership, policies, meetings and operations are kept secret from other members of the society. Cultists have signs and symbols that can only be interpreted by their members.   Cultism in Nigerian institutions is traceable to the formation of Pirate Confraternity by Professor Wole Soyinka in 1952 at University College, Ibadan now University of Ibadan. Today, there are many cult groups within and outside the school system such as Black Eye, Buccaneers, Black Axe, Daughters of Jezebel, Vikings, Red Devils, Mafia, Trojan Horse, Amazon, Temple of Eden, etc.   CAUSES OF CULTISM Many reasons have been advanced for the formation of cultism in Nigeria. For example, the Ogboni confraternity was a sacred cult among the Yoruba people in the pre-colonial Nigeria. Their duties were both political and religious. However, today different reasons are responsible for cult membership. Family… Read More »CULTISM IN OUR SOCIETY

Social Studies

MANAGEMENT AND RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS

Conflict resolution is the various process involved in the settlement of dispute, disagreement or conflict between people, groups or nations. Disagreement is part of human interaction. The challenge however is when such disagreement arises, how can it be managed or resolved.   NONVIOLENT METHODS OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION Dialogue: This has to do with discussions between the various parties involved in the conflict. It is expected that at the end of the discussion the parties involved will come together and allow for peace. Recently, the federal government entered into dialogue with Boko Haram in the North East and Niger Delta Avengers in the South-South in order to restore peace in the regions. Mediation: This is the process whereby a neutral third-party facilitates reconciliation and agreement between people or groups who are aggrieved. The third-party must be unbiased in the process of settlement to ensure a lasting peace between the parties involved.… Read More »MANAGEMENT AND RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS

Social Studies

SOCIAL CONFLICTS

Social conflict can be described as disagreement, struggle, fight or quarrel between two or more people in the society in the process of interaction. It can also be defined as misunderstanding between two or more people as a result of differences in opinion, ideas, beliefs, values or goals.   Conflicts arise in the society when there is no cooperation or agreement. It should be noted that conflict is unavoidable in the society if people keep interacting with one another. But when conflicts arise it should be well and properly managed. There are basically two types of conflicts: Peaceful conflict Violent conflict Peaceful Conflict: peaceful conflict is the type of conflict that occurs as a result of competition between two people or groups who seek to achieve a common goal by competing with one another. Examples of peaceful conflicts are football match, school debate, inter school sports, etc. Violent Conflict: this… Read More »SOCIAL CONFLICTS

Social Studies

IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ON WORLD TRANSPORTATION

Science and technology is the application of scientific knowledge to solve perceived or advertised practical problems. The application of science and technology has made tremendous impact in the transportation system in Nigeria and all over the world. Below are the impact of science and technology on world transportation system.   Science and technology has led to the construction of good and reliable roads, rails and bridges which has made transportation easier and comfortable. Science and technology has made possible for the production of cars, aircrafts, ships, boats, etc that has made the transportation of people and good easy and convenient. It has helped to enhance international trade among countries of the world. It made the construction of airports and seaports possible. It has ensured speed in the movement of people and goods from one location to another.   PROBLEMS OF TRANSPORTATION IN NIGERIA Inadequate funding of transport infrastructures. Poor maintenance… Read More »IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ON WORLD TRANSPORTATION

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