SELF ESTEEM Self-esteem refers to the perception, view or judgment a person makes about him or herself that affects his/her relationship with other people. It is the recognition of one’s qualities and it includes values, goals, talents, worth, physical make up and purpose in life. TYPES OF SELF-ESTEEM There are basically two types of self-esteem: High self-esteem and low-self esteem. High self-esteem: This is a situation where a person attaches high sense of worth and value to him or herself. An individual with high self-esteem recognizes his or her own strength and skill and can accept and acknowledge successes and achievement. Such a person responds confidently to challenges and problem and practices positive thinking. Low self-esteem: This is when a person experiences feeling of worthlessness, inadequacy, helplessness, inferiority, and a sense of being unable to improve his/her situation. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE SELF-ESTEEM \tThe family as a primary agent of socialization affects the self esteem of member. \tThe society: the norms of the society and where we fit in affects our self-esteem. \tGender roles as defined by culture or law affects our self esteem. \tMass media is a powerful factor that affects and shapes one’s self-esteem. \tReligious organizations and their teaching affect one’s self-esteem. \tThe economic background or social class a person belongs to affects his self-esteem. \tIndividual’s achievement is another factor that affects self-esteem. HOW TO IMPROVE SELF-ESTEEM \tAccept yourself as you are. \tIdentify your strength and weaknesses. \tIdentify your values and behave according to them. \tSet realistic goals and strive to achieve them. \tDevelop your abilities and be proud of them. \tSelect realistic role models. \tCultivate positive relationship. \tBe pleased with whom you are. \tAccept complements.