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Creative and Common Arts (CCA)


Recycling is the changing of waste or used materials into new objects or materials which can be used for other functions.   PRODUCING RECYCLING WORK Paper Mache – is an easy to make hard material that can be used to cover various surfaces. It is often used in arts and crafts to make various sculptures like Nigerian coat of arms, fruit bowls, puppets, dolls and much more.   METHOD OF PAPER MACHE  Materials – A bowl or large container; Flour, wallpaper powder/paste, or white glue; Water; Your base structure; Paintbrush; Newspaper.   PROCEDURE Soak newspapers and used papers in water for two to three days. Squeeze out water from it. Pound to mix well with other materials. You can mould flower vases and other materials from it.   See also Recycling RECYCLING VALUES AND MAINTENANCE POUND PAPER Old papers can be pound and bound with starch. Paste pulp can be… Read More »PRODUCING RECYCLING WORK



PLANT GROWTH & HORMONES What is plant hornmones? Plant hormones are chemicals produced in very small amounts within the plant body, and play a very important part in regulating plant growth and development. Most growth hormones are produced at the tip of a shoot and transported downwards to the root. The root tip produces very small quantities of the hormones. Type of plant hormones What are the types of plant hormones? There are many different types of plant hormones and one well-known group is the auxins. Indoie acetic acid (IAA) is one best known auxin. Auxins Auxins are produced at the shoot and root tips.Maximum influence on growth in plants occurs when auxins are produced simultaneously with other plant hormones e.g. gibberellins. Maximum growth response in stems requires more IAA than tn roots.   Auxins are known to have various effects on the growth and development in plants. They stimulate… Read More »PLANT GROWTH & HORMONES



SEED GERMINATION CONDITIONS, CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR GERMINATION What are the conditions necessary for seed germination? Seeds can easily be destroyed by unfavourable conditions such as excessive heat, cold or animals. Seeds need certain conditions to germinate and grow. Some of these conditions are external, for example water, oxygen and suitable temperature while others are internal such as enzymes, hormones and viability of the seeds themselves.   Water A non-germinating seed contains very little water. Without water a seed cannot germinate. Water activates the enzymes and provides the medium for enzymes to act and break down the stored food into soluble form. Water hydrolyses and dissolves the food materials and is also the medium of transport of dissolved food substances through the various cells to the growing region of the radical and plumule. Besides, water softens the seed coat which can subsequently burst and facilitate the emergence of the radicle.  … Read More »SEED GERMINATION CONDITIONS

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