NATIONAL SECURITY National security is the ability of a nation to create and maintain a peaceful environment that is free from internal and external disturbances. No nation can experience true development without a relative level of national security politically and economically. Nations of the world have their national security agencies. These agencies are responsible for ensuring peace and order in the society. Some of these agencies are: the military (Army, Navy and Air force), the Police Force, paramilitary organizations (Custom, Immigration, National Civil Defence Corps, etc), the State Security Service (SSS), National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA). CRIMES THAT AFFECT NATIONAL SECURITY \tPipeline Vandalism: This is the internal destruction of petroleum pipes in order to steal petroleum products. \tDrug Trafficking: This is the illegal transportation of hard drugs from one place to another for economic gain. \tIllegal Bunkering: This is the unlawful transportation of petroleum products to other parts of the world for selfish gains. \tImportation of Expired Drugs. 5 Arson: This is the unlawful administration of justice on suspected criminals by setting them on fire. \tHuman Trafficking: This is the illegal recruitment, transportation, harboring and engagement of people for selfish gains. EFFECTS OF POOR SECURITY \tIt can lead a state of anarchy – a state of lawlessness. \tIt can hinder growth and development. \tIt can lead to increased crime rate. \tIt can lead to war and civil disturbances. \tIt can lead to low foreign investment. \tThe country becomes vulnerable to external attack. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF NATIONAL INSECURITY The government and the individuals have roles to play in ensuring security in a nation. Below are some of the ways to enhance national security. \tRespect for law and order. \tDevelopment of the spirit of patriotism, love and commitment to defend the country. \tVigilance and report of any security threat. \tCooperation with rulers and government agencies. \tPersonal involvement through volunteer services. \tProper equipment of the security agencies. \tGood governance.