Monosaccharides

MONOSACCHARIDES

MONOSACCHARIDES
These are simple sugars
The carbon atoms in these sugars form a chain to which hydrogen and oxygen atoms are attached
Monosaccharides are classified according to the number of carbon atoms they possess
The most common monosaccharides are:
Glucose – found free in fruits and vegetables
Fructose – found free in fruits and in bee honey
Galactose – found combined in milk sugar
The general formula for these monosaccharides is (CH2O)n where n is 6
They have the same number of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen molecules i.e C6H12O6