FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION (F.A.O) F.A.O. was established in 1945 and has its headquarter in Rome. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES \tProduction of Food: It is mainly concerned with fighting hunger in the World by helping its members to grow more food. \tTo improve the production and distribution of agricultural products to all parts of the World. \tProvide advice: It improves useful advice on food storage, fertilizer usage and oil erosion. \tRelief Materials: The agency sends relief materials in form of food and money to disaster areas. \tCredit Facilities: It provides credit facilities to agricultural sector. \tConservation of Natural Resources: It helps in the conservation of natural resources like environment, lakes, and forests and so on. \tProvision of technical assistance: This agency sends experts to countries that need assistance of such technocrats. UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO) UNESCO is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on November 16, 1945. UNESCO has 195 member states and 6 associate members. The organization is based in Paris, with over 50 field offices and many specialized institutes and center throughout the World. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programmes, which are; Education, Natural Science, Social and Human Sciences, Cultural and Communication and information. PURPOSE OF THE AGENCY \tUNESCO was formed with the purpose of encouraging universal respect for justice, human rights and the fundamental freedoms. \tThe UNESCO as an international organization must serve the ends and objectives of the United Nations, which in the long perspective are World ends for humanity as a whole. \tUNESCO was set up to help to manage natural and earth\u2019s resources like water and water quality, the ocean and promoting science and technology. \tIt was established to promote basic human rights and focuses on global issues like fighting, discrimination and racism. \tTo maintain cultural diversity, as well as the protection of cultural heritage. \tTo promote communication and information worldwide and to empower people through access to information and knowledge. UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL CHILDREN EMERGENCY FUND (UNICEF) UNICEF was established on December 11, 1946, with its headquarter located in New York, U.S.A. It works with children in 158 countries. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES \tTo supply drugs and equipment to children who suffers from different kinds of diseases in the World. \tIt assists in setting up welfare, nutrition and health activities of children in developing countries. \tTo provide food to children in order to improve their nutrition. \tUNICEF works cooperatively with I.L.O.(International Labour Organization) to improve occupational health. \tTo supply materials and equipment that can help in training of children. \tIt releases fund in time of emergencies. \tIt assists W.H.O to train medical personnel in rural areas. INTERNATIONAL MONETRAY FUND (I.M.F.) The International Monetary Fund (I.M.F.) was set up after the Second World War, in order to encourage the development of foreign trade. It started operation in 1947 with headquarter in Washington, U.S.A.\u00a0 Presently, it has about 188 member countries. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES \tTo established and stabilize exchange rate among member nations. \tTo make fund available to members to finance balance of payment deficit. \tTo make recommendations to members concerning economic policies to be adopted. \tTo encourage the development of international trade. \tTo promote cooperation among member countries on financial matters. \tTo facilities settlement of debts in foreign transactions. GENERAL EVALUATION\/REVISION QUESTIONS \tList the political parties in the second republic \tGive 5 contributions of the NPP \tMention 5 features of the McPherson constitution \tWhat were the weaknesses of the McPherson constitution?