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Essential and Non-Essential Amino Acids

Biology

PROTEINS – WELL EXPLAINED DETAILS

Proteins are the most abundant organic compounds in cells and constitute 50% of total dry weight Proteins are compounds which are made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and sometimes sulphur and phosphorus. The structural units of proteins are amino acids The nature of a protein is determined by the types of amino acids it is made of There are about 20 common amino acids that make up proteins   Essential and Non-Essential Amino Acids Essential amino acids are those which cannot be synthesised in the body of an organism and must therefore be provided in the diet There are ten amino acids which are essential for humans These are valine, leucine, phenylalanine, lysine, tryptophan, isoleucine, methionine, threonine, histidine and arginine Non-essential amino acids are those which the body can synthesise and therefore need not be available in the diet There are ten of them These are glycine, alanine, glutamic… Read More »PROTEINS – WELL EXPLAINED DETAILS

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