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Civic Education


Constitutional democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people which is based on the supremacy of the constitution. It can also be explained as a democratic system in which the will of the people prevail, there fundamental human rights recognized and protected and the principle of rule of law strictly adhered to.  TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY DIRECT DEMOCRACY This is also known as classical democracy. It is a form of democracy in which all adult citizens  take active part in the management and political running of the state. This type of democracy was practiced in Athens, the ancient city of Greece.   INDIRECT DEMOCRACY This is also called representative democracy. This form of democracy is built on the principle of majority rule because it allows a few elected representatives to make decisions and formulate policies on behalf of the people. In other words, a… Read More »CONSTITUTIONAL DEMOCRACY

Civic Education


TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS The various types of constitutions include: Written Constitution: These are the laws of the country that are found in a single document (book) at a particular time. E.g. Nigeria 1999 constitution. Unwritten constitution: This is when all the important law of a country are found in many documents (but not in a single document). The Great Britain operations an unwritten constitution. Flexible Constitution: This is when the process of amending a constitution is not difficult/complicated. This when the process of amending a constitution is difficult/cumbersome/complicated. Federal constitution: This is a type of constitution in which the powers of the state are shared between two or more levels of government. Examples of countries are Nigeria, Canada and the United States. Unitary Constitution: This is a type of constitution in which all the powers of a state (country) is performed by the central government. i.e. the central authority performs… Read More »TYPES OF CONSTITUTIONS

Civic Education


CONSTITUTION (DEFINITION/SOURCES/IMPORTANCE) A constitution means a set of rules and regulations that guides the behavior of the state and its citizens. It also means a set of laws, principles, rules and regulations which determines how a country is ruled or governed. Every community, organisation or society has some rules and regulations that guide the activities/behaviours of their members. So also in the class, school, state and the country at large. However, all these rules are made by the people who come together to provide/make the law o as to make the society stable and also promote peace and development.   Sources of constitutions The constitution of a country can originate from any of the following Judicial precedents or pronouncements – This is when a judgment is given on a particular case and it often used as a reference point for other future cases that are similar to it. E.g. the… Read More »CONSTITUTION (DEFINITION/SOURCES/IMPORTANCE)

Civic Education


CONSTITUTION   A Constitution of a country is the whole body of fundamental laws or rules that guides a country. It can also be defined as a written or unwritten document containing the rules and regulations of a country. Types of constitution include: written constitution, unwritten constitution, flexible constitution, rigid constitution, unitary constitution etc.   SOURCES OF A CONSTITUTION The sources of a constitution can be gotten from different ways which are: The acts of parliament; these are laws that are passed by members of the legislature (National Assembly) and State House of Assembly. Historian Documents; these are histories of man and the country which could be used as part of the constitution. Examples are The Bill of right or fundamental human rights of 1689, the politician rights of 1628 etc. Common Laws of the land; these are customs, conventions, norms, values, principles or traditions of the country. Written and commentaries… Read More »CONSTITUTION

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