MEANING OF SAFETY Safety means keeping yourself and others free from harm or danger. That’s being careful not to fall, bump or run into things. MEANING OF ACCIDENT Accidents are unplanned or unexpected events that happen to human beings. Accidents can happen everywhere, for example, in the schools, homes, roads and markets. COMMON ACCIDENTS \tFalling objects \tBruises \tCuts \tBurns \tPoisoning \tDrowning \tChoking \tElectric Shock CAUSES OF ACCIDENT At home \tRunning or playing football on a slippery floor. \tA leaking gas cylinder. \tChildren playing with matches. \tUse of naked light near a petrol container. \tCareless use of boiling rings. \tLeaving water taps open when there is no water. In the school \tSlippery football field. \tUse of naked electric wire in laboratories and classrooms. \tFailure to keep the school premises clean and tidy. See also Water and Chemical Pollution Air and Noise Pollution Environmental Health OBJECTS THAT CAUSES ACCIDENT \tBroken bottles or plastic \tNail \tKnife \tBlade \tBroken chair or table \tBroken glass \tNaked wire PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS At home \tDo not allow children to run around on slippery floors. \tHelp old people to climb and descend staircases. \tChildren should not operate gas cylinders. \tKeep all medicines out of reach of children. \tDisconnect all electrical appliances when not in use. \tAlways lock water taps when not in use. In the school \tDo not play on waterlogged football field. \tKeep the school compound clean and tidy always. \tAll electrical connections in the laboratory should be done under the supervision of the science teacher. SAFETY DEVICES \tFire extinguishers \tApron \tBoots \tHand gloves \tEye shield or goggles \tCaution signs \tSeat belts \tRoad signs -zebra crossing \tFace masks, \tDust masks \tHearing protection See also High and long jump Classes of food Strategies & Activities Step: Teacher revises the previous topic Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic. Step3: Teacher endeavors to explain all the points to the pupils thoroughly. Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils. Assessment & Evaluation \tDefine safety and accident. \tList at least three objects (each) that causes accident at home and in the school. \tState three (3) causes of accident (each) at home and in the school. \tList at least four (4) safety devices.