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CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL FEEDS

Agricultural Science

CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL FEEDS

This is based on nutrient composition: Feed additives. Roughages Are feeds of low available nutrients per unit weight and high fibre content Examples: Dry roughages, Succulent roughages, Residues from agricultural by products and conserved materials. Characteristics Low level of available nutrients. Have high level of calcium especially legumes. Good source of vitamin A. Have high fibre content. Concentrates Are feeds of high available nutrients per unit weight. Examples: Maize germ and bran, malt extract, milk products, soyabeans, oil seed cakes, meat meal, bonemeal Characteristics Low fibre content. Feed content is consistently high. High digestibility of the feed. High in nutrient content.   Feed Additives These are substances added to the feed to increase; palatability, medication or hormones to make animals produce more. There are two types: Nutritive additives, such as mineral licks (maclick). Non-nutritives additives, such as: – medicants (coccidiostats), – Stilboestrol (used in beef animals) – Oxytocin (to increase… Read More »CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL FEEDS

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