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Characteristics of Kingdoms Organisms

Biology

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION Classification is the science that puts organisms into distinct groups to make their study easy and systematic. Modern scientific classification is based on structure and functions. Organisms with similar anatomical and morphological characteristics are placed in one group while those with different structures are grouped separately. Modern studies in genetics and cell biochemistry are used to give additional help in classifying organisms. There are seven major taxonomic groups. The kingdom is the largest group. Others are phylum (division for plants) class, order, family, genus and species, the smallest.   Binomial Nomenclature Living organisms are named using Latin or Latinised names. Every organism has two names. This double naming is called binomial nomenclature. This system of naming was devised by Carolus Linnaeus in the 18th Century. The first name is the generic name – the name of the genus. The second name is the name of the… Read More »GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION

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