ABORTION Meaning of abortion Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks. It is the ending of pregnancy by removing a foetus or embryo before it can survive outside the uterus. An abortion that occurs spontaneously is also known as a miscarriage. An abortion may be caused purposely and is then called an induced abortion. TYPES OF ABORTION There are two main types of abortion and they are; (i) SpontaneousAbortion(ii)Induced Abortion Spontaneous Abortion is an unintentional abortion caused as a result of faulty development of embryo, abnormality of placenta, hormonal disturbances, acute infection, severe trauma or shock. It is commonly called miscarriage. Induced Abortion is the intentional removal of foetus. Induced abortion can either be surgical or medical. (a) Medical Abortion: This is the abortion done or induced with the use if one or more pills (b) Surgical Abortion: This form involves minor surgical operation to induce abortion. REASONS FOR ABORTION The following are some of the reasons why people engage in abortion: \tTeenage pregnancy or unwanted pregnancy. \tPregnancy as a result of rape. \tPoverty and lack of financial capacity to care for the unborn child. \tMedical complication at the onset of the pregnancy that may endanger the life if the mother or the foetus. \tLack of readiness. UNSAFE ABORTION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES An unsafe abortion is the abortion done without proper medical supervision. Unsafe abortion is usually by using over-the-counter drugs or carried out by quack medical practitioners. Teenagers are lured to unsafe abortion for the following reasons: \tThe fears of letting someone know about their pregnancy. \tTo avoid social stigma. \tTo protect their education and future. As convincing as they sound, these reasons don't weigh up to the consequences that comes with unsafe abortion. The following are the consequences of unsafe abortion: \tUnsafe abortion may lead to the damage of internal organs like the womb. \tIt is painful and horrible. \tTeenager can get infected from the unsafe process of abortion which may cause more severe disease like uterine fibroid. \tIt leads to the death of the teenagers. \tIt endangers the teenager as the quack doctor may further molest her. \tThere is a psychological breakdown if the teenager cannot endure going through the abortion. WAYS TO PREVENT ABORTION The following can help prevent abortion or reasons to abortion: \tAbstinence: Teenagers should avoid having any until they are physically and psychologically matured to take responsibility. \tAvoid unsafe and unprotected by using condoms. \tWomen should go for medical checkup to prevent medical complication during pregnancy. \tKeep responsible friends and partner. \tCreate a mindset against abortion. \tMeet your school counselor for advice on abstinence. \tAvoid sex promoting/pornographic content. \tAlways remember that the negative consequences of abortion outweigh the benefits. WHERE TO GET HELP Teenagers need help on what to do when faced with abortion related challenges. Here are some of the things you can do when faced with a challenge: \tTalk to your parents about the about the situation \tMeet a counselor for an advice on what to do. \tThere are also teenagers-support NGOs that can help. \tJoin a school social club against teenage pregnancy and abortion. E.g. anti AIDS club. \tJoin a true religious or social body that can help with teenage pregnancy and abortion related issues.