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English Language

TENSES

There are twelve (12) tenses and each one has its own special use. ’Tense and ‘Time ‘mean different things – Tense is the change which takes place in the structure (i.e. farm) of the verb to donate time.

 

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

This is used for something known to be true. Example. Dogs are animals.

*The sun shines during the day.

*Sugar is sweet.

 

THE PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE

This can be used when we want to tell people that something is happening now, at the very moment of writing or speaking. E.g

* I am going to lagos

* Daniel is writing a letter

*Nneka is insulting her friend.

* Yakubu is dancing.

 

THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

It shows that a past activity is closely or almost joined to the present. Example

*She has written a letter.

* We have waited for four hours

*They have gone to the market

 

THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

It shows that activities which began in the past have been going on until the present. Example

  • They have been dancing since seven 0’o clock
  • Paul has been crying since two 0’clock.
  • Iyabo has been writing letters since nine 0’clock.

 

THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE

It indicates past activities which are not joined to the present. Example

*Mercy wrote a letter to her friend yesterday.

*Onyinyechi did her home work last week.

*Last year, Philip spent his holiday in Abuja.

 

THE PAST CONTINOUS TENSE

It is used when we want to show that two actions simultaneous.

Examples:

*Kemi was singing while her friend was dancing.

*Mrs Oseni was cooking while her daughter was washing was washing plates and cups.

 

THE PAST PERFECT TENSE

Shows that an event took place before another event in the past. Example

* The basket ball match had begun when Samuel and James arrived.

* The train had left before he had read most of the History text books

 

THE PAST PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

This is used when we want to show that an incident took place before another incident in the past and that particular incident was continuous. Example:

*           Hammed had been working for the national bank for six years when he was          promoted.

*           At four O’clock Emeka and Chibuzor had been playing football for three hours.

 

THE FUTURE TENSE

It is used to show an event that will take place in the future. Example:

I shall write a letter to my brother

They will attend the party.

We will meet the principal in the office

THE FUTURE CONTIOUS TENSE

We use this tens, when we want to show the activities will be continuing in the future. Example:

*           Next July, we shall be taking our universities matriculation examination.

*           My Uncle will be studying at the college of education next month

 

THE FUTURE PERFECT CONTIOUS TENSE

It shows that activities considered in the future as past will be going “on and on”. Example

*           She will have been studying mathematics.

 

THE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

It deals with time in the future. It shows that at a certain time in the future, event will be in the past. Example:

*           You will have finished that English textbook next week

*           By two O’clock she will have been  here four hours.

 

See also

CLUSTERS OF TWO CONSONANTS

Adverb

FORMAL AND INFORMATION LETTERS

MONOTHONGES AND DIPHTHONGS

ADJECTIVE AS NOMINALS

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