Another aspect of Test of Orals which students must be very familiar with is rhyme. Rhyme occurs when words end in same sound. To be more precise, two words rhyme with each other when they have:
- Same vowel ending.
Example: go – know
do – sue
buy – thigh
- Same final consonants (or consonant cluster sequence)
Example: worst – burst
count – amount
just – dust
- Same final vowel and consonant.
Example: half – laugh
From the words lettered A – D, choose the word that rhyme with the given word
- done gone B. pen C. dawn D. don
- shook hoot B. hook C. roof D. soak
- amend rescind B. abound C. resent D. depend
- pale palm B. abound C. resent D. depend
Countdown in English, pg 312.
- Structure: Pronoun Types
In the first series, we saw the use of relative pronouns (who, whom, which, whose etc.). But this time, attention is on some other pronoun types: Personal, demonstrative, interrogative and possessive
- Personal Pronouns
These are words used in place of any of the three persons we have in English language
- The first person refers to the person(s) being addressed
- The second person refers to the person(s) or being addressed and;
- The third person refers to the person(s) or things spoken about.
Note that personal pronouns have singular and plural forms and they can also be used both in the nominative or subjective as well as accusative or objective cases. The table below illustrate the personal pronouns at a glance.
|3rd person||He, She, It||Him, her, it||They||Them|
- Demonstrative Pronouns.
These are so called because they point out particular persons, places, or things. The English demonstrative pronouns are: this, these, that, those. “this” and “that” are singular, “these” and “those” are plural.
Also “this” and “these” point at objects that are near, while “that” and “those” are used for distant objects.
Examples: This is my friend.
These are my books.
That is her shop.
These are my cars.
- Interrogative Pronouns.
Interrogative pronouns are employed or used in asking questions.
Examples: What is your name?
Which of the dresses is yours?
Whose hat is this?
To whom did you give the letter?
Where do you live?
Note: The interrogative pronoun ‘which’ is used when we are making a selection from a known set of possibilities or when the choice is limited to a specific number.
- Possessive Pronouns.
These are pronouns which show ownership. For example, “The house is mine” means that the house is owned by me.
Other examples of possessive pronouns are his, ours, yours, theirs.
It is important for students to note the difference between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives.
Possessive Pronoun Possessive Adjective
The ruler is mine This is my ruler
These books are ours These are our books
The table below illustrates the possessive words in their adjective and pronoun forms.
|Poss. Adjective||Poss. Pronoun||Poss. Adjective||Poss. Pronoun|
Note that apostrophe cannot be used with possessive pronouns e.g.
This pencil is yours This pencil is your’s
This school is theirs This school is their’s
Underline and classify the pronouns in the following sentences.
- What did you do to my box?
- That is the room which I used as the store
- Give the book to him.
Read about, Emphatic, Reflexive, Reciprocal and Indefinite Pronouns.See Countdown in English, pg 218 – 220
- Summary – Identifying the Topic Sentence of a Passage, Wole Soyinka – Effective English pg158
The passage is a review of James Gibbs book on Wole Soyinka. The reviewer points out the strengths and weaknesses of Gibbs’ study of Wole Soyinka’s life, career and works.
Read the passage and answer the questions (see Effective English, pg 158)
Effective English, pg 161 (Adverbial Expression – Intensifiers and Linking Expressions).
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISIONAL QUESTIONS
- Write five words that rhyme.
- For each of the following words, write two sentences, determine when each is used as possessive pronoun or possessive determiner (adjective)
Choose the word which contains the same vowel sound that is underlined.
- Know sew B. how C. vow
- Make height B. take C. says
- fair wear B. mere C. dear
- best regal B. leopard C. legal
- story drought B. spot C. fought
Practice 3 (1 & 2) page 73, Effective English.
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