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Nutrients are found in the variety of foods that we eat. We have six types of food from where we get all nutrients.

TYPES OF FOOD

  1. Carbohydrates:Energy giving foods, made up of sugars or starches. Examples are yam, banana, cassava, maize, rice.
  2. Protein:make us grow, strong and repair the body. Examples are Beans, fish, egg.
  3. Fat: also gives us energy for work and play.it keeps us warm. Examples are Palm oil, Soy oil, Margarine, vegetable oil.
  4. Vitamins:it protect us from diseases. Examples are fruits, corn.
  5. Minerals:help to form strong bones and teeth. Examples are Milk, meat vegetables, fruits, grains, beans and starchy vegetables.
  6. Water:it carries other nutrients to all parts of the body and helps to remove wastes from the body.

NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY DISEASES

Nutritional diseases are illness that happen as a result of inadequate, poor diet.

Inadequate and poor diet causes various diseases like:

  1. KWASHIORKOR:it is cause by eating mostly carbohydrate food. The person lack  food that contains  protein, vitamin C, iodine and folic acid
  2. RICKETS:it is the softening of bones in children due to deficiency in vitamin D, magnesium, calcium.
  3. PELLAGRA:it is a vitamin deficiency disease caused by lack of niacin (Vitamin B3) in the diet. Not eating enough vegetables, sea foods, meat and egg can also cause PELLAGRA.
  4. SCURVY:happens when there is deficiency of Vitamin C (fruits and vegetables).
  5. BERIBERI:caused by thiamin (Vitamin B) and excessive intake of alcohol.
  6. ANEMIA:it occurs when the red blood cells are unable to carry enough to the body cell. It is caused by lack of vegetables, eggs, liver and meat.
  7. DIABETICS:it happens when the blood glucose level is higher than normal.it can be prevented by living a healthy life style.

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic.
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.
  • Teacher welcomes pupils questions
  • Teacher evaluates the pupils

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What is Balanced diet?
  • List the six kinds of food from which we can select the foods we eat daily.
  • What is a nutritional disease?
  • List three deficiency diseases.

 

See also

High and long jump

HIV/AIDS

SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE JSS 2

SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE JSS 1

PREVENTION OF POLLUTION

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