Social Studies

Coat of arms of Nigeria


1. Meaning, Scope and Nature of Social Studies.
2. Objectives & Importance of Social Studies.
3. Physical Environment: Meaning, Types and Features.
4. Resources in Our Environment and their Uses.
5. Environmental Problem, Causes, Effects and Solutions.
6. Social Environment: Meaning and Types; Primary and Group (Family) Types; Role and Responsibilities of Members.
7. Secondary Social Group: types, Structure, Roles and Responsibilities of Members.

Social Studies



National unity and integration: Nigeria is made up of many ethnic groups who rule themselves through various means based on kinship.

The Hausa/Fulanis had Emirs and Sarkis as their kings, the Yorubas/Edos have Obas while the Igbos were ruled by elders and village assembly.

National unity has now brought us together as brothers and sisters, most ethnic groups in Nigeria inter-marry, this brings about unity despite our differences.

Social Studies


Honesty is defined as the quality of being truthful or the act of being straight forward.

Attributes/Qualities of honesty

Truth: an honest person does not lie, he is never biased in his discussions.
Respect: an honest person respects the opinion of other people.
Reliability: an honest person is dependable
Obedience: an obedient person is faithful and cannot deviate from the truth. Most obedient people are honest.
Hard work: honest people are hard working. They do not believe in malpractices, cheating, bribery and corruption
Friendship: honest people have many friends and well-wishers.

Social Studies


Citizenship means membership of a country, nation or state.

A citizen is a legal member of wherever he comes from and has some rights, duties and obligations.

Types of citizenship

By Birth: A person becomes a citizen of the country where he is born.
By Marriage and Registration: A foreigner can becomes a citizen if he/she marries a Nigerian and registers the marriage.
By Descent: Many Nigerians who live in other countries and have children in those countries automatically have their children as Nigerians based on descent.
By Naturalization: This is having citizenship of another country having fulfill certain conditions e.g. A foreigner that have lived up to 15 years in Nigeria can apply for citizenship if he/she fulfill certain conditions.

Social Studies


Socialization is the process by which a child learns how to do things like other human beings in the society. A child is helpless and dependent on other people around him for everything therefore, as he grows, through daily contact and interactions with other human beings he learns how to do things like others in the society.

Socialization is the training of the child in the culture or ways of life of his people or society.
Socialization is the process by which an individual acquires new behaviour through interactions and direct learning from other human beings.
It is a process by which a new member goes, through understanding the needs and practices of his community and adapts to them.
Socialization is a life-long process which begins from birth until death. The primary socialization begins at home where we learn the do’s and don’ts and culture of our society.

Agents of socialization

Social Studies


Culture is the total way of life of people of a society. It includes the people’s beliefs, language, religion, artwork, dressing, dancing, greetings, technology, etc.

Culture differs and varies from place to place and a society is known by its culture. Culture grows and changes with time. The result of assimilating other people’s belief, customs and traditions through continuous contact is known as “ACCULTURATION”

Social Studies



Values is the actual worth of a thing in monetary terms.

Values can be seen as the importance that we attach to a thing.

Society values refers to the norms, standards and principles which the society expects from people living in it.

Forms of values

Moral values: This has to do with conduct and disciplined behaviour.
Economic value: This is the effort of an individual to earn a living through economic activities
Social value: This is our pattern of behaviours
Political value: This involves leadership and good governance
Individual virtue: This is the belief and faith to survive and succeed in life.

Importance of values