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Social Studies

Social Studies

ACCIDENT IN THE HOMES AND SCHOOLS | MEASURES FOR SAFETY

There are different accidents that occur while carrying out a task at home or in the school environment that needs necessary safety measures such includes; Fire out breaks Pressing iron burns Hot water burns Sliding in the bathroom Knife or razor blade cuts Electric shocks through electrical opplinces Bone fractures due to letting of leg on lord objects like stares Burning of skin due to smash of chemicals during experiments in the school laboratory Hitting of students eyes by teachers while caning/beating Falling from the school staircase Drowning in the school staircase Drowning in the swimming pool Fracture while running or playing grounds on the pitch etc.   Safety measures at home To prevent electric shocks, the house should be properly wired by professionals Gas cylinders should be properly closed to prevent gas lockage Petrol and kerosene should be kept for from the reach of the children The use of… Read More »ACCIDENT IN THE HOMES AND SCHOOLS | MEASURES FOR SAFETY

Social Studies

ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME AND IN SCHOOL; NEEDS FOR SAFETY

Accident is the sudden occurrence of an unpleasant event which causes lure on an individual or group of people. For any individual or organization that value human lives there is always need for “Safety” . Safety is a situation which prevents any form of injury when carrying out a task   Reasons/need for safety To prevent loss of life: When carrying out a task safety ,ensures need to be putting place to prevent death of an individual To minimize risk: It nominee risk of been injured while carrying out a task To prevent temporary or prevent disabilities: To prevent disabilities there is always need for safety. Some loss their eyes, limbs, arms and other parts of the body because purport safety measures are not put in place To prevent damage of properties: Road and fire accident can bring great damage to many properties To prevent avoidable accident: As many accident… Read More »ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME AND IN SCHOOL; NEEDS FOR SAFETY

Social Studies

INFLUENCE OF MAN IN THE ENVIRONMENT

There are two major types of environment; they are; physical environment social environment Influence of man in the physical environment Construction activities: Some highlands have become landlords in the coves of constructing roads. Man has been able to construct bridges on rivers for easy movement. Example of this is the third mainland Bridge in Lagos Irrigation activities: Man has been able to make water available in the desert for forming purposes Reclamation of land: Technology has greatly helped man to torn reverie areas to housing estates. The land used in building the popular Victoria Gorden city (VGC) in Ajah, Lagos was reclaimed from water and it is the most beautiful estates in Nigeria Drainage: Water movements are been controlled through canals and drainage to prevent floods particularly during raining seasons A forestation programmes: To prevent desert environment, man has engaged in tree planting programmes   Influence of man on social… Read More »INFLUENCE OF MAN IN THE ENVIRONMENT

Social Studies

SECONDARY SOCIAL GROUPS

This is a formal organization whose member are not related to one another but come together to achieve a common goal. Forums/types of secondary group Schools: These include primary schools secondary schools and tertiary institutions (Universities, polytechnics, colleges of education etc). Comprise: These are cooperate organizations that engages in trading and manufacturing activities. Examples are, UNRULIER NIG. PLC, MTN, GLOBACOM, etc. Trade unions: These includes workers association like; NUJ:                        Nigeria Union of journalist NUT:                       Nigeria Union of teachers NASU:     Non-Academic staff union of education and associated institutions NUP:                       Nigeria Union of parishioners NURTW: Nigeria Union of road transport workers Religions groups: these includes all churches and mosques Voluntary organizations: These are group of people who renders humanitarian service to the society. Such organization include, man ‘O’ war, Boys Brigades, Red cross, National council of woman societies etc. Functions of secondary groups Maintenance of law and order in the… Read More »SECONDARY SOCIAL GROUPS

Social Studies

FRIENDSHIP

This refers to intimate and lasting relationship between two or more people. It could be of either sex or the some sex but does not lead to immorality. Types of friendship Intimate or best friend: This type of friend slip has the ability of greatly of greatly infecting one’s decision, character and goal in life Ordinary friendship: This is a kind of friendship in which the two parties don’t have so much power to influence their behavior, decision or goal in life Acquaintance: this is the kind of friendship that exist between anyone we meet while carrying out a task, embarking on a journey or staying in a place for few days.   Factors that determine choice of friends Gender in Age Common character Common language, nationality or tribe Good personality aid character.   Qualities and behaviors that enhances friendship Love: Love is a gift from God and it makes… Read More »FRIENDSHIP

Social Studies

SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT | MEANING, TYPES, ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF MEMBER

Social environment refers to the cutting group of individuals and institutions with whom a person interacts. Such as customs, language, norms, dressing, primary groups, secondary groups, religious institutions, political institutions, educational institutions, economic institutions.   Social organizations Social organizations are people in the society who are well organized with characteristic pattern of relationship Primary group Types of social groups Secondary group Primary group This refers to people with closer relationship over a long period of time. Examples of primary group are: Family age group, peer group and kinship groups. Characteristics of primary group There is always a face – to – face interaction It has a small size of people Group member are loyal to one another They are emotionally committed to one another They have a permanent relationship It is a multi-purpose organization   The family as a primary social group A family is a group of people who… Read More »SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT | MEANING, TYPES, ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF MEMBER

Social Studies

ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS | CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS

These are problems caused by nature and man within our surroundings. Environmental problems are of two types:- Natural environmental problems Man-made environmental problems   NATURAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Drought:- This refers to absence of rainfall over of period of time in a particular place. It has a great effect of plant’s life, animal life and human beings at large. Earth Quake:- This is a sudden, violent shaking of the earth’s surface as a result of a great release of energy in earth crust. Earthquake causes damage to  buildings and other infrastructures. Erosion:- It refers to the washing away or removal of the earth surface (Soil) through consistent flowing of water. Flooding:- This is a situation where a large value of water settles on dry land meant  for human transportation. Volcanic Eruption:- This is the eruption of lava, ashes and gases from the opening (cracks) in a hill or mountain. Global warming:-… Read More »ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS | CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS

Social Studies

RESOURCES IN OUR ENVIRONMENT AND THEIR USES

NATURAL RESOURCES: These are resources created by nature (God) for the benefit and use of man-kind. Natural resources in Nigeria includes; Crude oil, Gold, coal, Iron, tin, Limestone, Lead, etc. Natural Resources and their uses S/N RESOURCES STATE(S) LOCATED USES 1 Cocoa Ondo, Ekiti, Oyo, Ogun Manufacturing of beverages and chocolates. 2 Cotton Kaduna, Kano, Bauchi, Kastina Production of clothes, cotton wool etc. 3 Gold Sokoto, Osun, Niger Production of bangles, necklaces, wristwatches, chains, rings etc. 4 Groundnut Kano Production of groundnut oil, for cooking and snacks 5 Crude Oil Rivers, Delta, Edo, Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Imo, Ondo Production of aviation fuel, kerosene, petrol etc. 6 Iron Ore Kogi, Delta Production of iron rods, flat iron sheets, construction of bridges, houses, rail, roads, industry machines etc. 7 Limestone Ogun, Ebonyi,  Benue Production of cements and paint. It is also used as a source of calcium in supplements and food activities. 8… Read More »RESOURCES IN OUR ENVIRONMENT AND THEIR USES

Social Studies

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT | MEANING, TYPES AND FEATURES

An environment is a natural world in which people, animals and plant live. Generally, it refers to everything within our surroundings. Physical Environment therefore refers to all natural and non-natural things around us. It can also be regarded as our immediate environment.   TYPES OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT Natural environment: it includes; valleys forest, desert, hills, mountains, rivers, grass-land, etc. Non-natural environment or man-made: it includes; bridges, houses, hospitals, roads, vehicles, police station, market, schools etc. Features of physical environment. Nigeria physical environment features includes; Relief Rivers Lakes Seasons Weather Vegetation.   RELIEF: This refers to land surface features above the sea level. Relief can be classified into; Highland Low land HIGHLAND: It can be described as a mountainous or hilly section of a country. Examples are; idanre hill, Adamawa mountains udinsukaplateau mountain. LOW LAND: Low land can be referred to as plains, the chad Basin plain etc. IMPORTANCE OF HIGHLANDS… Read More »PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT | MEANING, TYPES AND FEATURES

Social Studies

OBJECTIVES AND IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES

As explained earlier, social studies is the study of man and his environment. OBJECIVES OF SOCIAL STUDIES To make us useful and responsible citizens To help us understand how our physical environment can be utilized for our benefit. To teach us how to be patriotic (a having a great love for one’s country) as a citizens. To train us on how to be a good followers. To inculcate in us sense of co-operation, honesty and tolerance To know how to interact peacefully with other people in the society. To make us understand and appreciate different cultures in our society. To prepare us for future leadership role in the society. To give us balanced education.   IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES It helps in exposing individual student to different societies and cultures. It helps in training our youths to become responsible citizens. It helps in preparing the youths to become responsible future… Read More »OBJECTIVES AND IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES

Social Studies

MEANING, SCOPE AND NATURE OF SOCIAL STUDIES

Social studies can be defined as the study of man and his environment. Social studies can also be defined as the totality of man’s physical and social environment. SCOPE OF SOCIAL STUDIES The word “man” in the definition given above connotes human beings while man’s environment has a huge influence on mankind in all spheres of life. Man’s environment affect their language, dressing, food and every other thing one can think of in the society.   Man also interacts with two environments which are: Physical environment (Natural) Social environment (Artificial)   PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT The grassland, mountains, rivers, deserts, seas, oceans, valleys are created by God for the benefit of mankind and it has a great influence on man in so many ways. For example, those who live in riverine areas like the Ijaws and Ilaje’s often take fishing and farming as their occupation while those who are surrounded by forest… Read More »MEANING, SCOPE AND NATURE OF SOCIAL STUDIES

Social Studies

ROLES OF DIFFERENT GOVERNMENT AGENCIES CHARGED WITH THE PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION

Some government agencies have been set up to fight corruption. These agencies ensure that individuals involved in corruption are prosecuted. The following agencies have been put in place by the government to eradicate corruption, they include the EFCC, ICPC, Code of Conduct Burea. These agencies have their different responsibilities. EFCC (Economics and Financial Crime Commission) Functions of EFCC They investigate financial crimes including fee fraud, money laundering, etc. They co-ordinate and enforce all economic and financial crime laws. Etc ICPC (Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Commission) This commission was established through the corrupt practices and  other related offences Act 2000 and was signed into law by president Olusegun Obasanjo on the 13th June 2000 and was inaugurated on the 29th September 2000. Other functions of these agencies include; examination of declared assets made by public officers, they also keep documents and make them available to anyone who wishes… Read More »ROLES OF DIFFERENT GOVERNMENT AGENCIES CHARGED WITH THE PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION

Social Studies

CORRUPTION

CONSEQUENCES OF CORRUPTION It dents the nation image It brings hardship on average citizens It retards the economic growth It leads to poverty It discourages honesty, integrity and hard work It leads to unemployment   PREVENTION OF CORRUPTION Stiff punishment for corrupt leaders and officials Confiscation of poverty Introduction of civic and moral instructions. Honesty, integrity and hard work should be rewarded Government should give ICPC, EFCC free hand to administers justice on corrupt citizens Display of wealth should be discouraged   CONSEQUENCES OF CORRUPTION ON THE NATION Dents the nation’s image: Nigeria has been known to be a corrupt nation all over the world. An international organization known as Transparency International has ranked Nigeria among the ten most corrupt countries in the world. This has so many negative implications on all Nigerians. Retards economic growth: The economy cannot grow in a nation where corruption thrives. CONSEQUENCES OF CORRUPTION ON… Read More »CORRUPTION

Social Studies

CORRUPTION

Corruption simply refers to the act of using ones position for an unofficial or personal benefits or advantages. Corruption is a major problem in Nigeria as a nation.  It exists in every facets of Nigeria society both in private and government establishment e.tc.  Corruption includes malpractice, electoral malpractice, extortion and many others.   FORMS OR TYPES OF CORRUPTION Extortion: This is an act of forcing some one or an individual to pay for a service that should be free example. When a police officer asks for money at check-point even when a drivers vehicle papers are completed. Embezzlement of funds: Embezzlement is an act of diverting money meant for official use to private or personal use e.g. if money meant for road repair is shared by the officials in charge of the contract. Bribery: it is an act of inducing someone by using monetary and non-monetary means to secure favour.… Read More »CORRUPTION

Social Studies

GROUP BEHAVIOR

Meaning of group behaviour according to Wikipedia, refers to the situations where people interact in large or small groups. A group can be described as a collection of two or more individuals interdependently interacting to achieve their common goals   Reasons for walking in group To reduce insecurity of working or standing alone To get recognition and status in the society To enjoy feelings of self-worth To enjoy success that comes through group work or action To pool talents or power layette to complete a given task.   Types of group behaviour Mass action: This refers to group sopranos actions to an incident. The members of the group takes the same action at the same time in response to an incident most of such action are against normal ways of people given juice justice to a thief cut stealing in the market instead of handling him over to the police… Read More »GROUP BEHAVIOR

Social Studies

Drug trafficking

Drug trafficking refers to the illegal act of carrying or transporting hard drugs like cocaine, heroin, Indian heir and many others within or outside the comply. Reasons for drug trafficking Unemployment Bad company Poverty Greed Ignorance   Consequence of drug trafficking Life imprisonment: Those caught and convicted will have a life jail term Dents the Nations image whose citizens are known for drug trafficking are always avoided today many Nigerians face a lot of embarrassment while they travel abroad because drug barons have dented their image Increase crime rate: Most of those who takes hard drugs always engage in crimes like armed robbery, organism, violence, lusting and many others Brigs shame to the family: Those caught in drug trafficking always brigs disgrace and shame to their family people in the community will of avoiding them Untimely death: People who carries hard drugs by swallowing then dies suddenly   Prevention of… Read More »Drug trafficking

Social Studies

Effects of drug abuse

Effects of drug abuse on the family and society Road accident: Many road accidents occur when individuals are drunk and are under the influence of drugs. Failure in family responsibility: Drug addicts most times fail in carrying out their responsibilities in the family, especially financial responsibilities because they would have diverted all their money into buying drugs thereby neglecting their responsibilities at home Solution to drug abuse Drug abuse can be prevented in the following ways The school curriculum: The inclusion of the topic in primary and post primary curriculum is a good decision on part of the government it sensitizes the school children or what drug abuse is and its effects on their future Family awareness: Through mass Medici parents have more information about drug abuse and its effects parents will in turn educate their children and advice them against it Public enlightenment programmes a drug abuse. Government should… Read More »Effects of drug abuse

Social Studies

Drug abuse

Drug abuse is the abnormal intake of drug or any other substances. It can also be described as the illegal or wrong use of drugs and other   Substances Forms of drug abuse Usage of drug not prescribed by doctors Using overdose of prescribed drugs Intake of herd drugs like marijuana heroin, cocaine and many others Frequent intake of alcohol kola-nut, coffee, analgesic tablets etc Habitual, intake of drug even when it is unnecessary Dependence on sleep inducing drugs   CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE Bad company close contact with those who take Indian hemp, cocaine may negatively influence someone to start the bad hobbit habit Need to suspend psychological problems. Some feel the best way to forget their sorrow suppress, anxiety, frustration and sadness is to drink heavily, smoke cigarette or take any hard drug Need to exhibit negative behaviour or face people. Some people believe that drug intake helps… Read More »Drug abuse

Social Studies

Abuses to which children could be subjected

Meaning of sexual abuse Sexual abuse is any form or sort of non-consensual sexual contact, i.e a sexual relationship without each other’s consent. Sexual abuse can happen to men, women, teenagers and even children. Types of sexual abuse Rape Sexual harassmen Etc What to do when sexually abused Speak out: do not keep it to yourself when sexually abused as this would cause emotional imbalance. Confide in a good counsellor particularly the school counsellor, your parent or your spiritual guardian i.e your pastor. Go for medical check up and take medical treatment if treatment is needed   Assignment Define sexual abuse. List three types of sexual abuse. Mention steps that should be taken when sexually abused.   See also SOCIAL STUDIES PEACE GOAL SETTING FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION HUMAN EMOTION (LOVE)

Social Studies

OBJECTIVES OF SOCIAL STUDIES

Objectives are goals an individual or group aims at to get the very best of their performance. Some of the general objectives of social studies include the following: Critical thinking: Social studies teaches students about history and enables them understand how society has evolved. It also helps students develop an ability to think critically about societal issues and learn how to address them based on their understanding of social values. Social understanding: It allows students to develop an understanding of society and the human condition. Integrating ideas: Social studies involves a number of subjects including history, geography and economics. Students learn how to integrate ideas from different disciplines to  come up with reasonable decisions so that they are better able to identify problems affecting the society. Other objectives of social studies Social studies educate students on becoming patriotic and responsible citizens. Social studies teaches us our roles and responsibilities in… Read More »OBJECTIVES OF SOCIAL STUDIES

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