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A disease can spread rapidly among chickens like any other farm animals because they are usually kept together in a cage, sharing the food and water trough. This makes it easy for disease to spread from the sick and infect the healthy chickens.

SIGNS OF ILL – HEALTH IN CHICKEN

The most common signs of ill in chicken include:

  1. Roughened feathers,
  2. Discharge from the nostril
  3. Mucorish discharge
  4. Coughing
  5. Sneezing
  6. Weakness
  7. Loss of appetite
  8. Loss of weight
  9. Dullness
  10. Reduction in egg production among layers
  11. Retarded growth
  12. Chicken huddles together and drops as if the birds are feeling cold
  13. Chickens standing with their eyes closed,
  14. Presence of scores on wattles and combs.
  15. Reduced feed intake
  16. Reduced water intake
  17. Low egg production

 

GENERAL DISEASE CONTROL PRACTICES

The following can only be used as guidelines for disease control, for proper disease diagnosis and treatment, consult the veterinarian.

  1. Don’t overcrowd brooders
  2. Adequate ventilation
  3. Feed must be of good quality
  4. Give clean water ad-lib
  5. Don’t mix young and older birds
  6. Clean poultry house
  7. Dispose of dead birds quickly and isolate sick ones
  8. Provide disinfectant at entrance to house

Antibiotics should never be used to replace good management and should be used on prescription by a veterinarian.

 

STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES

Step 1: Teacher revises the previous topic

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

 

Evaluation/ Assignment

  1. List five signs of chicken ill – health;
  2. Mention five general control measures.

 

See also

POULTRY – CHICKEN

POULTRY

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION – RABBIT REARING

Meaning of Weed

MAINTENANCE OF FARM AND ANIMAL TOOLS

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