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SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

Sexually transmitted infections (diseases) are infections that can be spread from one person to another through sexual intercourse with an infected person.

Examples, Causative agents and symptoms Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

EXAMPLES OF STIs CAUSATIVE AGENT TRANSMISSION SYMPTOM PREVENTION
1 Gonorrhea Bacterium (Neisseria gonorrheae) – Sexual intercourse

– At delivery through infected mother to baby

– In women, it causes painful urination and increasing amount of discharge from the vagina

– In men, it causes painful urination and discharge during urination

– Abstinence

– Regular medical test

– In case of infection, see the doctor

– Regular use of condom

2 Chlamydia Bacterium (Chlamydia trachomais) – Sexual intercourse In women, there can be abnormal vaginal discharge, burning feeling during urination, lower abdominal pain, pain during intercourse or bleeding between menstruation

In men, there can be discharge from the penis, burning/itching around the penis opening or pain and swelling in the testes

– Abstinence

– In case of unusual sore or burning effect of urination, see the doctor

– Regular use of condom

3 Syphilis Bacterium (Treponema palladium) – Direct contact with sore  (in the vagina, anus or lips)

– Sexual intercourse

– From pregnant women to babies

– chancres (primary stage)

– rashes (secondary stage)

– damage to the nervous system (latent stage)

– damage to tissues and organs (tertiary stage)

– Abstinence

– Seek for medical attention when infection is suspected

 

 

Effects Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

  1. It can damage the reproductive organs
  2. It can break down the immune system
  3. It can be associated with cancer of the reproductive organs
  4. Premature labour or still birth (gonorrhea)
  5. Blindness and birth defects in new babies (syphilis and gonorrhea)

Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

  1. Public enlightenment
  2. Abstinence
  3. Early treatment in identified cases
  4. Strengthening the immune system
  5. Avoid multiple sexual partners

 

CLASSWORK 4

  1. Give the full meaning of STIs
  2. Mention three STIs that you know
  3. Highlight three methods of preventing STIs

ASSIGNMENT 4

SECTION A

  1. The following are not examples of STIs except (a) stomachache (b) bleeding the nose (c) chylamydia (d) catarrh
  2. Which of the following is the effect of sexually transmitted infections (a) breathing problem (b) death (c) loss of appetite (d) healthy body
  3. Behavior that put people at the risk of contracting STIs includes the following except….. (a) unprotected sex with an infected person (b) multiple sex partner (c) abstinence (d) contact with infected blood
  4. Which of these is a causative agent of STIs (a) Neisseria gonorrheae (b) mosquito (c) AIDS (d) sexual intercourse
  5. Which of these is a means of contacting STIs (a) Neisseria gonorrheae (b) anopheles mosquito (c) AIDS (d) sexual intercourse

SECTION B

  1. Mention four effects of sexual transmitted infections
  2. Give four ways of preventing STIs

See also:

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION II

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION I

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

CHANGES IN STATES OF MATTER USING KINETIC THEORY

CHANGES IN STATES OF MATTER USING KINETIC THEORY

 

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