School Portal NG

SAFETY AND ACCIDENTS

BST primary classes

MEANING OF SAFETY

Safety means keeping yourself and others free from harm or danger. That’s being careful not to fall, bump or run into things.

MEANING OF ACCIDENT

Accidents are unplanned or unexpected events that happen to human beings. Accidents can happen everywhere, for example, in the schools, homes, roads and markets.

 

COMMON ACCIDENTS 

  1. Falling objects
  2. Bruises
  3. Cuts
  4. Burns
  5. Poisoning
  6. Drowning
  7. Choking
  8. Electric Shock

 

CAUSES OF ACCIDENT 

At home 

  1. Running or playing football on a slippery floor.
  2. A leaking gas cylinder.
  3. Children playing with matches.
  4. Use of naked light near a petrol container.
  5. Careless use of boiling rings.
  6. Leaving water taps open when there is no water.

 

In the school 

  1. Slippery football field.
  2. Use of naked electric wire in laboratories and classrooms.
  3. Failure to keep the school premises clean and tidy.

 

See also

Water and Chemical Pollution

Air and Noise Pollution

Environmental Health

 

OBJECTS THAT CAUSES ACCIDENT 

  1. Broken bottles or plastic
  2. Nail
  3. Knife
  4. Blade
  5. Broken chair or table
  6. Broken glass
  7. Naked wire

 

PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS 

At home

  1. Do not allow children to run around on slippery floors.
  2. Help old people to climb and descend staircases.
  3. Children should not operate gas cylinders.
  4. Keep all medicines out of reach of children.
  5. Disconnect all electrical appliances when not in use.
  6. Always lock water taps when not in use.

 

In the school 

  1. Do not play on waterlogged football field.
  2. Keep the school compound clean and tidy always.
  3. All electrical connections in the laboratory should be done under the supervision of the science teacher.

 

SAFETY DEVICES 

  1. Fire extinguishers
  2. Apron
  3. Boots
  4. Hand gloves
  5. Eye shield or goggles
  6. Caution signs
  7. Seat belts
  8. Road signs -zebra crossing
  9. Face masks,
  10. Dust masks
  11. Hearing protection

 

See also

High and long jump

Classes of food

 

Strategies & Activities

Step: Teacher revises the previous topic

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher endeavors to explain all the points to the pupils thoroughly.

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

 

Assessment & Evaluation

  1. Define safety and accident.
  2. List at least three objects (each) that causes accident at home and in the school.
  3. State three (3) causes of accident (each) at home and in the school.
  4. List at least four (4) safety devices.

 

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