- Structure – Use of Possessive Apostrophe
The apostrophe ( ’ ) has three uses: contractions plurals and possessives. It is used with ‘s’ toshow possession. The formation of possessive is treated in different ways.
Formation of Possessives
- The possessive of the singular noun is formed by adding ‘s’ (apostrophe and ‘s)
Example:Ada’s medical book.
The child’s toy.
- The possessive of a plural noun is formed by adding only an apostrophe when the noun ends in ‘s’ Example: Girls’ hostel
The boys’ baseball team.
- The possessive of the plurals not ending with ‘s’ is formed by adding apostrophe and ‘s’
Example: Men’s club
- Nouns having several words must have their possessive only to the last word.
Example: The President of Nigeria’s speech.
The Prime Minister of India’s visit to Japan.
The door of my friend’s house.
- Two nouns having close association must have the possessive to the latter.
Example: Wren and Martin’s grammar.
Johnson and Johnson’s baby face powder
- The possessive of nouns in apposition must be put to the second noun.
Example: This is Sharon, the teacher’s favourite student
This is Bisi, my friend’s wife.
He lives in Okaa, Anambra’s capital
- Two different nouns having no relation, require separate possessive forms.
Example: Mike’s and John’s books
Note: ‘s’ is omitted when there are hissing sounds
Example: For goodness’ sake.
For conscience’ sake.
If a singular possessive noun ends with an ‘s’(such as James, Moses), you can either use an apostrophe before a second ‘s’ or after first ‘s’
Example: Saint James’ Cathedral or Saint James’s Cathedral.
Show the possessive of these expressions using apostrophe where appropriate.
- Kunle house.
- Workers salary.
- Moses followers.
- At his finger tip.
Countdown in English, pg. 217
- Comprehension (Reading to Grasp. Main Points); Stock Exchange, page 134.
The passage explains what shares are and what the purposes of the stock exchange are.
Read and answer the questions.
Effective English, 134, 135.
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISIONAL QUESTIONS
Give the past and past participle form.
(i) awake (ii) Freeze
(iii) fight (iv) swear
(v) lay (vi) quit
(vii) lie (viii) tread
(ix) creep (x) wind
- Writing – Narrative – A Place of Interest I Visited
Remember, to write a good narrative, the following must be done.
- Use the past tense forms of verbs to give an account of events which happened in the past.
- Present the events or actions in a natural sequence.
- Divide the tune in which the actions took place into small periods.
- Discuss one main idea or event in a paragraph.
- Drop the ideas or points which do not contribute to the unity and the coherence of the narrative
Write a narrative essay on the topic. “A Place of Interest I Visited”
Heading: A PLACE OF INTEREST I VISITED
Paragraph 1: Description of the place you visited
Paragraph 2: Preparations made or put in place before the journey was embarked on.
Paragraph 3: The events that took place there
Paragraph 4: Narrate one spectacular event or incident that caught your attention or that affected you
Paragraph 5: (Conclusion) Narrate how it all ended
Use the outline provided to write a full length essay.
Countdown in English, pg 5 – 6; Effective English, page 87.
- By nature, armed robbers are ruthless: I have never seen a ________ one among them. humane B. barbarous C. ferocious
- The taxi driver slowed while overtaking the lorry when the proper thing to do was for him to have _________ accelerated B. negotiated C. throttled
- The probationary workers do not have the same right as __________ staff approved B. confirmed C. dismissed.
- The journey by road ___________ where the rail journey ended. commenced B. originated C. concluded.
- Instead of laughing about this serious matter, you should be ___________ whimpering B. bitter C. sober.
Practice 2, pg 73, Effective English.
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