PARTS OF SPEECH

English Language

PARTS OF SPEECH

All words may be classified into groups called parts of speech. There are 8 parts of speech namely: Nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.

We shall now discuss these parts of speech one at a time:

 

  1. NOUNS

A noun is the part of speech that names a person, a place, a thing or an idea. You use nouns every

sec

when you speak or write.

Every

sec

you probably use thousands of nouns. Because nouns name the objects and people and places around you, it would be very difficult to talk about anything at all without them.

See also  PLURAL POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Many nouns name things you can see:

 

Persons, Places, Things

Boy Lake Boot

Student Country Shadow

John Kamau Nairobi Chair

Stranger Jupiter Sweater

Writer Kenyatta Market Calendar

Barrack Obama Sierra Leone Short story

Note: Nouns can be two or more words e.g. John Kamau, Kenyatta Market and Short story.

They are called compound nouns. We shall learn more about them in coming pages.

Some nouns name things you cannot see such as feelings, ideas and characteristics:

See also  COLLECTIVE NOUNS

Feelings Ideas Characteristics

Excitement Freedom Curiosity

Fear Justice Cowardice

Anger Fantasy Courage

Happiness Faith Imagination

Surprise Evil Self-confidence

 

Exercise 1

What words in each sentence below are nouns?

Example: John is a dancer – John, dancer

  1. The students planned a party.
  2. Three boys performed songs.
  3. Excitement filled the air.
  4. Joyce Chepkemoi won a prize.
  5. Otieno lives in a house on my street.

Exercise 2

Copy the nouns below and write whether it names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.

Example: river – place 1. Candle    2 Guitar    3. Wrestle    4. China  5. Joy   6. Hatred  7. Menengai Crater      8. Masanduku Arap Simiti

See also  ENGLISH POST UTME

Exercise 3

Write down each noun in the following sentences.

Example: Kenya is a beautiful country – Kenya, country

  1. The musicians played drums and trumpets.
  2. Her family lives in a village.
  3. Petronilla enjoyed the trip.
  4. A festival was held in Kenyatta University.
  5. People in costumes filled the streets.
  6. Boys in Scouts uniforms were leading the parade.
  7. The holi

    sec

    was a great excitement.
  8. A taxi brought the family to the airport.
  9. Maryanne built a huge castle in the wet sand.
  10. Her mother swam in the warm water.

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