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PHE

Meaning of Food

Food is any substance which when taken into the body, serves to nourish and build up tissues as well as provide needed energy.

Classes of Food

There are six classes of food, namely:

  1. Carbohydrates
  2. Proteins
  3. Fats and oil
  4. Mineral salts
  5. Vitamins
  6. Water
Classes of Food Sources Functions
Carbohydrate yam, garri, cassava, yam
flour, maize, wheat, potato
Provides the body with
energy
Proteins meat, beans, fish, soya
beans, eggs, peanuts,
cheese, chicken.
For growth and repair
of body tissues.
Fats and oils palm oils, groundnuts oil,
butter, margarine, sardine,
pork, egusi oil,
cod liver oil
Provides the body with
heat and energy for
daily activities.
Mineral salts milk, meat, liver, cheese,
vegetable and sea foods
Proper functioning of
the body.
Water rain, spring, brooks,
vegetables, fruits,
beverages and tea
For easy digestion and
maintenance of body
fluid.
Vitamins liver, eggs, fish, oil,
citrus, and tomatoes
For protection against
diseases.

 

EVALUATION

  1. How many groups can we classify food?
  2. What are the functions of classes of food?

 

See also

FOOD AND BASIC FOOD GROUPS

Rules and Regulations Governing Shot Put

ATHLETICS: DISCUS

ATHLETICS: SHOT PUT

BENEFITS OF RECREATION AND DANCE

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