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JSS 1 Civic Education (1st, 2nd & 3rd Term)

Civic Education

PROCESS OF IDENTIFYING ONE’S NATURAL TALENTS

Talents are natural abilities to do things well. They are natural gifts a person is born with and are discovered by the owner. Each person’s talent are unique and enduring. A person’s greatest room for growth is in the areas of his or her greatest strength (natural talents). Process of discovering one’s natural talents: The talents of most people are hidden in plain sight, but so interwoven and can be hard to detect. However, they leave tracks and can be discovered and developed. Think about yourself you will know you pass many abilities. Things about it or without effort. You can identify your talents by the following: 1. Natural Abilities: this is things we can do naturally. One should be able to identify things one can do with ease for example some are: good of taking care of pets, other have skill to impact knowledge and others are good money… Read More »PROCESS OF IDENTIFYING ONE’S NATURAL TALENTS

CCA (secondary school)

SELF – RELIANCE

Self – reliance is to be financially and economically independent by controlling one’s talent and skills earn income. Self – reliance to a nation means controlling and using the National resources of the nation to achieve sustenable development rather than depending solving on the countries. A self – reliant person is not a burden to his society rather he is a problem solve. Instead of looking for jobs, he reduces employment by providing jobs for others joining the band wagons of people climbing out of the ‘hole’ recession globally.   ATTRIBUTES OF SELF RELIANCE Uses of Initiative: individual with the ability to think of what to do for himself financially independent is self-reliant. He will not depend on other for employment Use of Talents and skills: being self-reliant includes using what one has to do to get what one need one must identify one’s skills and talents and control them… Read More »SELF – RELIANCE

Civic Education

FACTORS THAT PROMOTES COOPERATION

UNDERSTANDING: a mutual understanding of people in the society will make them work together for the goal and objectives of the society. GOOD REWARD AND RECOGNITION: If a is a group certain of being rewarded when a goal is achieved every member will work tirelessly towards the achievement of the goal. The society must recognise those who work for its progress, hence football teams are rewarded bountifully, institutions are named after some heros and heroines. Example include Tafawa Balewa Square, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Muritala Muhammed Airport. They all have such names to immortalize some leaders who work for the unity and progress of Nigeria. C. WELL DEFINED GOALS: the team must have a goal that motivates each member to work together. The goal must be well stated and well – defined. When the achievement of the ultimate goal is beneficial to all members, they are propelled to… Read More »FACTORS THAT PROMOTES COOPERATION

Civic Education

CO – OPERATION AS A VALUE

Co-operation is wanting together to achieve a good. It is the cordial relationship among people which leads to a peaceful co-existence. It is the opposite of conflict and competition. It is required in all aspects of the families, schools, officers, industries, churches, mosques.   Cooperation is enhanced when members of a group have approve, rules and regulations even values for achieving a common goal. Co-operation is impossible when members do not agree with one another. It is therefore imperative to learn how to live together with other students, must learn to co-operate with their teachers, classmate and school mates.   TYPES OF COOPERATION There are three types of cooperation namely: Internal co – operation Bilateral co – operation Multi – lateral co – operation INTERNAL CO-OPERATION: in a community or individuals and groups in a community or state come together for economic, social and political objectives of the community or… Read More »CO – OPERATION AS A VALUE

CCA (secondary school)

DISHONESTY

This is the quality of being untruthful in words and actions while dealing with others or yourself. It is exhibited in all terms of examination malpractice lying to others particularly about money, misuse of school, government or organization funds and so on.   CONSEQUENCES OF DISHONESTY Lack of competent professionals: professional such as medical doctors, teachers and lawyers who get their certificate through dubious means will be incompetent professionals as they might have cheated in examination. Low standard education: the standard of education has been compromised by incompetent educationists who assure students who would have read well and prepare well for examination for ‘help’. Such teacher must have gotten has certificate through dubious means. Hardship: the embezzlement of money meant to provide basic amenities will cause untold hardship on citizens due to some people’s dishonesty. Frustration and poverty: some people cannot suicide and die prematurely when defrauded through advance fee… Read More »DISHONESTY

CCA (secondary school)

TYPES OF VALUES 2 (Honesty)

Honesty is the human quality of being straight forward and truthful in words action. The society through leaders who value honesty honour people such as a honest person can be trusted because he will always speak the truth. According to Wikipedia encyclopaedia honesty is the human quality of community and acting truthfully.                         ATTRIBUTES OF HONESTY Truthfulness : if a person is ho nest it means been always truthful in any situation and in all his communication. He will tell the truth even if he is to be punished or hurt. He is straight forward and blunt. Godliness: Honesty cannot be divorced from godliness. Honest people fear only God. It is the fear of God that makes a child report himself to the school authority when he destroys schools property and nobody knows about it. Loyalty : A honest person is ever loyal to his beliefs and country Reliability:… Read More »TYPES OF VALUES 2 (Honesty)

CCA (secondary school)

FACTOR THAT PROMOTES GOOD VALUES SYSTEMS

A value promotes good value system by an individual. It guides his goal setting. A value system can be improved by: Consistency: This is being used to do the same thing frequently without charging such a person can be predicted on his beliefs and does not embrace bad value in the society. Integrity : This describes the qualities of strong moral principles in a person. He will be opposed to taking bribes, corruption, examination malpracticed and so on. Commitment : It must focusing completely on an activity unity it is accomplished. Citizen are required to be committed to government’s programme. Fairness : This is threatens people equally according to the rule. It is achieving favouritism in all its forms. Tolerance : This is the willingness to accept opinions or behaviour of other who may not likes us it respects. Other cultures, religion and faster peace, co-operation and progress in the… Read More »FACTOR THAT PROMOTES GOOD VALUES SYSTEMS

Civic Education

VALUE

VALUE Value can be the monetary and non-monetary worth of a thing in the ordinary sense. In civic education value is used to refer to all moral standards and principles that guides human actions. Being moral i.e. refer to what our society’s belief about what is right or wrong socially and culturally. Such principles make a citizen important, good and active in Nation building (progressing peacefully).   The unprincipled person is that person without moral principles e.g. a dishonest person. Some of the things that value include expensive cars, house, jewelleries and certificates. We guide and keep them jealously. Also the society esteem valuable persons high on them have values that the society embraces. The university accepted types of values include honesty, loyalty, faithfulness, truthfulness, courage, self-reliance, cooperation and so on.   LEVELS OF MANIFESTATION OF VALUE Values can be manifested in the following ways: By being low abiding citizen:… Read More »VALUE

Civic Education

OPPORTUNITY TO DEFENT ONESELF

Judging an individual without listening to his side of the story brings unfairness, partiality and injustice. Self – defence is protecting oneself against attack or something adverse. It is the use of force to protect oneself against someone attacking us. Every person should be security conscious in the society, hence, we will be protected against sudden adversities. BENEFITS OF OPPORTUNITY TO DEFEND ONESELF It reduces conflict in the society: given the opportunity to defend oneself issues will be amicably resolved without deteroriation. It prevents injustice: judgement is passed based on content of parties defence. It promotes peace in the society: the society is peaceful in justice and fairness. HOW TO DEFEND ONESELF AGAINST BEING ATTACKED Being careful about the type of people you keep as friends Avoid night clubbing apart from the fact that you can be vulnerable to physical and emotional attacks, you can be lured into hard drugs… Read More »OPPORTUNITY TO DEFENT ONESELF

CRK/CRE/CRS

MOSAIC

MEANING OF MOSAIC Mosaic is a picture or pattern produced by arranging and sticking small pieces of stone, glass, tile etc., unto a support.Mosaic is also a picture or decoration made of small,usually coloured pieces of inlaid stone,glassetc. Mosaic is an ancient form of painting, basically in pictorial forms.   MATERIALS AND TOOLS The materials include: Bits of coloured glass or broken bottles. Strong adhesive or glue Pieces of coloured tiles Pieces of coloured tiles Flat plywood Coloured pictures cut from magazine. Cardboard Beads Sequins Bottle tops Cartridge paper Old newspaper Pencil or pen   TOOLS: The tools include hammer,knife,scissors, and cutter knife.   EVALUATION Define mosaic. State any two mosaic materials and tools respectively.   METHODS Step 1 Get the required materials for mosaic production. Step 2 Mount and stick the cardboard unto the plywood using glue. Step 3 Sketch the picture on the background support. Step 4 Apply… Read More »MOSAIC

CRK/CRE/CRS

COSTUME IN DRAMA

MEANING OF COSTUME Costume refers to the clothes, accessories and hairdos worn by the players who are trying to look like a different person. Costumes add beauty to the entire outward appearance of the actors and actresses. Costumes also enable the players fit the targeted character perfectly. Costumes are sewn, designed and provided by the costumier or costume designer.   TYPES OF COSTUME There two types of costume. They are as follows. REAL COSTUME REHEARSAL COSTUME REAL OR AUTHENTIC COSTUME: This refers to the actual dresses and accessories intended to be worn by the players for the main drama presentation. REHEARSAL COSTUME: This refers to the dresses and accessories meant to be worn by the players for the main purpose of rehearsing a play.   CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES They include traditional dresses, caps, shoes, jewelries, hand bag, wrist watch etc.   EVALUATION Define costume. List the two types of costume… Read More »COSTUME IN DRAMA

CCA (secondary school)

EAR TRAINING

Ear training can be defined as the process of developing aural skills which are vital principles in learning. It is also the development of one’s ability to identify music sounds as it is a fundamental rudiment in learning. A song follows a set of singing rhymes when it is well composed.Singing rhymes are vital to the flow of a song when it is orderly arranged or composed. Last words on each line of a song should have a link in terms of identical sound. ORAL TRAINING This has to do with intensive training of the human voice to conform with the rhythm of the music. The pitch and other components should be harmonized when singing through the human voice.   TWO-PART SINGING Two part singing or harmony has to do with music written for two voices or two musical instruments.The parts give different note of each chord of the music.The… Read More »EAR TRAINING

CCA (secondary school)

CONTEMPORARY DANCE

MEANING OF CONTEMPORARY DANCE AND FORM Contemporary dance refers to a variety of dance movements that emerged during the middle part of the twentieth century and still remains relevant till the present time. It is a style of expressive that combines elements of several genres including modern, jazz, lyrical and classical ballet. Contemporary dancers strive to connect the mind and the body through fluid dance movements. Form refers to the shape a dancer takes in space while dancing around the dance floor.   TYPES OF CONTEMPORARY DANCE They include: BALLET:Ballet is one of the most common type of dance and many other types of dance are actually based on ballet .This style of dance has been around for centuries and is often considered to be one of the most beautiful .Although, classical music is usually used to set the scene for a ballet, other types of music can be used… Read More »CONTEMPORARY DANCE

CCA (secondary school)

RUDIMENTS AND THEORIES OF MUSIC

INTRODUCTION TO SCALES 1. DIATONIC MAJOR SCALES (C MAJOR) A scale is a group of notes in succession. There are many different types of scales but there are two most common types of scale such as major and minor scales. There are twelve pitches in standard western music .After the twelve, the pitches repeat but in the next higher register or octave. Once aperson understands the concept of intervals, scales will be pretty easy to grasp since they are just made of a series of intervals.   Figure out the scales in any of the keys you are searching for by knowing the interval ‘formula’. For instance ,W is a whole step  and H is a half step .A half step is the smallest interval available on the piano and will be one key away from the starting note. A whole key is made of two half steps so it… Read More »RUDIMENTS AND THEORIES OF MUSIC

CCA (secondary school)

HOW TO ACHIEVE A SENSE OF BELONGING

MEANING OF TEAM WORK Team work involves a group of people working together to achieve a common goal. Team work is a joint or collaborative effort that involves a group of people working well together to achieve a common goal.Team work is the combined action of a group,especially when effective and efficient.Team work can also be defined as the cooperative or coordinated effort on the part of a group of people acting together as a team or in the interest of a common cause. Co-operation is fundamental for a team of people to achieve success in whatever they do. Everyone involved must unite to achieve a common goal.On the contrary, a team of people is bound to fail if there is lack of co-operation.   MEANING OF SENSE OF BELONGING Sense of belonging is the feeling that someone is accepted and connected to a family and community.Sense of belonging can… Read More »HOW TO ACHIEVE A SENSE OF BELONGING

CCA (secondary school)

DRAMA DIRECTOR

A drama director is someone who oversees the affairs of the play by trying to unify the various human and material aspects of the production.The drama director is an instructor who instructs the players on how they are to play their part during drama rehearsal. The drama director is subject to the producer who is the master of the drama production.Sometimes, the producer equally plays the part of the drama director at the same time.   FUNCTIONS OF A DIRECTOR IN DRAMA The director has two fundamental duties. To bring about a unified vision within the finished production. To lead others toward its ultimate actualization. To carry out these duties, the director must organize the realization of her vision .The director must decide on the interpretation to be given the play ,work with the playwright (if possible),designers and technicians in planning the production ,cast and rehearse the actions ,and co-ordinate… Read More »DRAMA DIRECTOR

CCA (secondary school)

FUNCTIONS AND TERMINOLOGIES IN DRAMA

INTRODUCTION Drama has been at the forefront since time immemorial. Ancient dramas in Greece and Rome till date are still performed in the Theatres to entertain the audience both young and old. Drama has become a means of entertainment in the world at large.The functions of drama are highlighted below. Drama preserves and promotes our rich cultural heritage. Drama forestalls or promotes teamwork or co-operation among the cast ,crew and audience. Drama inculcates or teaches values. A vital or significant aspect of drama is that it teaches or inculcates lessons. Drama informs the public about activities that happened in the societyboth past and contemporary time. Drama rectifies certain ailments. Drama entertains people who seek pleasure. Drama promotes tolerance among people in the society. Drama educates the public in diverse ways.   TERMINOLOGIES USED IN DRAMA DRY UP: This is a situation that occurs when a member of the cast suddenly… Read More »FUNCTIONS AND TERMINOLOGIES IN DRAMA

Civic Education

DEALING IN FAKE DRUGS

When someone engages in buying and selling of fake drugs, such activity is a criminal act. The general public especially licensed chemicals shops, hospitals, clinics, and other health care store need to be cautioned against buying fake drugs from drug peddlers and dubious sources. Consequences   of   not performing  our   obligations  to  the   community,  state,     and   nation The consequences include Consequences of not participating in voting gives room  for  choiceofbad   leader s  and  allows   election   manipulations to  take  place. Consequences of not giving assistance to law enforcement agents    brings  about  compound  security      challenges    and  increases  criminal  activities  and  makes  it    difficult   to   enjoy    some  of  our  rights Consequences of not maintaining a clean environment attract some  dangerous   animal   like    snake   scorpion  and   others Consequencesof not obeying the law; When    law   is  not  been  obeyed  by    the  people  of  the  society  its  slow    down  the  progress  of  the   nation    and    increases    money  … Read More »DEALING IN FAKE DRUGS

Civic Education

BANNED AND CONTAMINATED FOODS

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE SALES OF BANNED AND CONTAMINATED FOODS Causes and Effects of the Sales of Banned and Contaminated Food: The following are the causes of sales of banned and contaminated foods. Poverty Ignorance Apathy Selfishness Indiscipline Corruption Lack of good parental care or guidance Dishonesty Disease   EFFECT OF BANNED AND CONTAMINATED FOOD When people engage in the sale of banned and contaminated food items, the result may be any of these effects. Death PainandSuffering Worry and Loss of Sleep Ruins Victims Business or Career Crimes has adverse on economic on economic development It may drive away foreign investor Insecurity in the Country   General Evaluation/ Revision Questions 1 What do you understand by human rights? 2. State    five   fundamental human rights in Nigeria 3. State   three examples of civic rights,    economic rights and political rights 4. Mention   five causes   of the sales of banned and contaminated… Read More »BANNED AND CONTAMINATED FOODS

Civic Education

Human Rights

Various types of human rights Civic Rights These include The right to vote during an election The right to freedom  of    Conscience  and   religion Right to   freedom  from  discrimination The right to   freedom    of   personal    liberty   Political rights of a citizens The right to a  fair hearing The right to   freedom of   association and   public  meetings The right to vote The right  to  petition The right  to   seek  redress   or   legal   remedy The right   to  be  voted    for   Economic Rights These include: The right to work The right to  free  choice  of  employment The right to   form    and     jointrade     union The right to  own  property The right to  social  security Right  to  just  and  favorable   conditions   of  work Right  to   fair  compensation   Evaluation Mention three  main   types  of  human  rights State ten   fundamental  human  rights  in  Nigeria   Weekend  Assignment 1.  A Nigerian  citizen  ________[a]Enjoys   all  rights  … Read More »Human Rights

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