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INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY – FULL EXPLANATION

INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY

What is Biology? Biology derived from Greek words – BIOS meaning LIFE and LOGOS meaning STUDY or KNOWLEDGE. Biology means “life knowledge”. It is the study of living things/organisms

 

BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY

  1. Botany – study of plants
  2. Zoology – study of animals
  3. Microbiology – study’ of microscopic organisms
  4. Morphology – study of external structure of organisms
  5. Anatomy – study of internal structure of organisms
  6. Physiology – study of the functioning or working of the cells or body
  7. Biochemistry – study of the chemistry of materials in living organisms
  8. Cytology – study of cells
  9. Genetics – study of inheritance
  10. Ecology- study of the relationship between organisms and their environment
  11. Taxonomy – sorting out of organisms into groups
  12. Histology – study of fine structure of tissues
  13. Virology – study of viruses
  14. Bacteriology – study of bacteria
  15. Entomology – study of insects
  16. Ichthyology – study of fish

 

IMPORTANCE OF BIOLOGY

  • One learns about the functioning of the human body
  • One understands the developmental changes that take place in the body
  • It contributes immensely to improved life
  • It enables one to enter careers such as:
  • Medicine,
  • Nutrition,
  • Public Health,
  • Dentistry,
  • Agriculture
  • Environmental Studies
  • Teaching

 

Also See:

DETERMINATION OF THE GENOTYPE OF A DOMINANT PHENOTYPE

VARIATION IN POPULATION

CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS AND ORGANIZATION OF LIFE

CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANTS AND ANIMALS

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