Meaning of ICT

ICT is an acronym which stands for Information and Communication Technology. It can be described as a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate and to create, disseminate, store and manage information. These technologies include;

(i) Computer

(ii) Internet

(iii) Broadcasting technologies (radio and television)

(iv) Telephone

 

Uses of ICT in Communication

(i) ICT is used to send information across to people using the electronic-mail (e-mail) through the internet.

(ii) Many people use the GSM (mobile phone) to communicate.

(iii) Audio and Video conferencing is also made possible through the internet. With video conferencing, people at various distant locations can discuss on different topics. Each of these people makes their contributions to the topic under discussion.

See also  OPERATING SYSTEM

(iv) Chatting and instant messaging

 

Uses of ICT in Timing and Control

Many of the devices that are used in everyday life are controlled by small computers to save time. They are:

(i) Washing machine

(ii) Air conditioning system

(iii) Programmable microwave ovens

(iv) Traffic lights are switched off and on according to programs running on computers which manage traffic flow through cities

(v) Controlling equipment used for scientific research.

(vi) Monitoring and reporting on the status of security equipment.

(vii) Monitoring and reporting status of weather and other atmospheric activities.

See also  ELECTRONIC COUNTING DEVICE

(viii) Manipulating and controlling equipment used in aircraft, ships, oil rigs, Automated Teller Machines (ATMs), etc.

 

Uses of ICT in Information Processing/Management

ICT can be used in the following areas of information processing and management.

(i) Typing letters, notes and other documents.

(ii) Distributing and sharing of information.

(iii) Keeping records and inventory, storing, retrieving and manipulating data and information.

(iv) Transmitting information.

EVALUATION

  1. How are computers helpful in communication?
  2. What are the uses of computers in information processing management?

 

See also

COMPUTER LABORATORY RULES AND REGULATIONS

COMPUTER ROOM MANAGEMENT ETHICS

COMPUTER

KEYBOARD

THE KEYBOARD AND TYPES OF KEYBOARD

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