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PHE (Primary Classes)

Long jump (Field events)

Long jump is a Feld event which involves running and then jumping for a distance from a spot into a fat surface called landing pit. The event requires speed, spring and a great deal of body control.

The jump has the following five stages (skills):

1 The approach run or run-up

2 The take-off

3 The fight

4 The landing

5 The recovery

 

1 The approach run or run-up

The run-up is the running to approach the take-off board. The runway for the run-up has a minimum of fifteen strides for a beginner and a minimum length of 40 metres for adults. The run-up is to prepare the jumper to cover some long distance when he jumps/leaps forward.

2 The take-off

The take-off is the stepping on and off the take-off board to put the jumper in the air.  It is done with one leg (single take-off), and it is an upward and forward movement. The stronger leg is the take-off leg in order to give the jumper a good spring. The take-off board is usually made of wood.

3 The fight

The fight is the action of the jumper in the air after take-off.

4 The landing

The landing is the arrival at the landing pit. It involves learning to land properly inside the pit without committing any landing fault or sustaining an injury. It is advisable for jumpers to keep the legs wide apart while landing for effective balance, and to fall forward while landing.

5 The recovery

This is the stage where the jumper regains his position after landing. He maintains his balance and moves forward. He should not walk backward in the pit. If he does, his jump shall be regarded as ‘no jump’.

 

 

 High jump

High jump is a field event that involves jumping for height over a raised object into a specified area (landing foam). It is done with a single take-off (one leg only).

High jump equipment

The equipment needed for high jump are:

1 The upright/Poles

2 The supports for the crossbar

3 The crossbar

4 The landing foam/pit

 

Basic skills in high jump

There are five skills, which are the following:

  1. The approach run or run-up
  2. The take-off
  3. The fight (clearance of the crossbar)
  4. The landing
  5. The recovery

 

The approach run

This is the running toward the approach take-off. The run must be long enough (between 10 and 15 strides). The jumper could approach from a straight line or from either the left or right angle. The angle of approach is determined by the style the jumper intends to use.

The approach run is slower than that of long jump because speed is of less importance.

 

See also

Classes of food

NUTRITION

Skeletal system

 

The take-off

  1. Take-off has one goal: jumping high. This is the point where the jumper leaps from the ground in preparation for clearing the bar. The take-off foot strikes the ground with a bend at the knee, and the body leans back and springs forward for a fight. The jumper takes off on one leg.
  2. The fight (Clearance of the crossbar)At this stage, the jumper must achieve a high lift before changing into any clearance technique that could be adopted in clearing the bar. A jumper should use the style that requires the least effort in attempting to clear the bar.
  3. The landing

Landing in high jump does not require any special tactics. A jumper can land on the back, legs or on the side with the shoulder; whichever is comfortable. Jumpers should not land on their head or neck. Where there is no landing foam, there must be enough sawdust for the absorption of landing shock.

  1. The recovery

The recovery stage in high jump is a stage of resting after landing. After landing, the jumper walks out of the landing area. If he stays and the

 

High jump equipment

crossbar

landing foam

poles

support

 

See also

Characteristics of living things

ANIMALS

Strategies & Activities:

Step : Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

 

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Mention the meaning of field event
  2. List the examples of field event
  3. Perform the run up, take off, cleaning the bar and landing in high jump.

 

Exercise

1 Long jump is a ________ event.

2 Long jump involves jumping from_________ to ___________.

3 Mention four stages in long jump.

4 The take-off board is made of __________________.

5 ____________ is the last phase in long jump.

 

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