The functions of a farm manager can be grouped into five major headings:  (a) Organisation (b) Administration (c) Production (d) Marketing and (e) Evaluation.

Organisation

(i)         The farm manager secures suitable land for farming.

(ii)        He determines what to produce.

(iii)       He determines the scale of production.

(iv)       He procures loan or capital for farming.

(v)        recruits or employs labour or workers for the farm.

(vi)       He decides on which enterprise(s) to undertake, given the available resources, e.g. fish farming, rice production, etc.

Administration

(i)         A farm manager supervises the work on the farm.

(ii)        He arranges work roasters.

(iii)       He directs staff on day-to-day activities.

(iv)       He makes arrangement for staff welfare.

(v)        He rewards or disciplines staff according to their performance.

(vi)       He organizes the training of manpower in the farm.

See also  FARM ANIMALS

(vii)      He maintains good labour relations to avoid the disruption of farm activities.

(viii)     He acquaints himself with government agricultural policies with respect to opportunities and constraints they pose on the farm.

Production

(i)         A farm manager is responsible for the purchase and use of farm inputs.

(ii)        He ensures the health of animals/crops on the farm.

(iii)       He makes arrangement for general security of the farm.

(iv)       He ensures the adequate supply of feeds.

(v)        He adheres to modern farming techniques.

(vi)       He avoids waste by efficient use and maintenance of farm resources.

(vii)      He combines resources to yield optimum profit.

(viii)     He sets production targets and wage level.

Marketing

(i)         The farm manager determines the quantity of produce to sell.

(ii)        He determines the best marketing channel to use to make maximum profits.

(iii)       He determines when to sell to make maximum profit.

See also  Livestock Production

(iv)       He determines at what price to sell.

(v)        He may also be responsible for the processing of farm produce.

(vi)       He monitors marketing trends in order to decide on commodities to produce in his farm.

(vii)      He arranges for storage and warehousing of unsold produce.

Evaluation

(i)         He keeps the general records of the farm.

(ii)        He supervises accounts and book-keeping of all operations on the farm.

(iii)       He analyses farm operations with respect to targets and objectives.

(iv)       He assesses the staffing conditions.

(v)        He develops new strategies for further improvement of farm operations.

 

Question:

1State five functions of a  farm manager.

2.Explain the following ,1Organisation,2Administration,

 

See also

MANAGEMENT OR ENTREPRENEUR

CAPITAL

LABOUR

FACTORS OF PRODUCTION

CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS

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