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Catering, Home economics, Home management

MENU PLANNING

Meal planning involves choosing a menu or a list of foods that will be included in a meal.

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE MEAL PLANNING

  • Age of family members
  • Occupation or activities of family members
  • Health condition of family members
  • Size of the family
  • Likes and dislikes of the family members
  • Season of the year
  • Money available
  • Equipment or facilities available
  • Time available
  • Locality or place where family resides

GUIDELINES FOR MEAL PLANNING

  • The meal must contain all the necessary food nutrients. Each of the basic food groups must be represented
  • When possible, choose foods that contain a variety of nutrients
  • Provide for the nutritional needs of all family members in the meal plan
  • Avoid monotony by varying foods
  • Buy the best foods your money can afford
  • Plan meals several days ahead of time so as to save money and time
  • Make use of foods in season and buy good quality foods

PROCEDURES FOR MEAL PLANNING

  • Plan all the day’s menu (breakfast, lunch and supper) at the same time, at least 24 hours ahead of time
  • Select the main course or dish. The main dish is also called ENTREE
  • Make breakfast light but substantial
  • Include the following in a breakfast menu
  • Appetizer such as fruit or fruit juice
  • Protein such as egg, fish or any source of protein
  • Carbohydrates e. g. cereal dish as corn flakes, quaker oat, boiled yam or potatoes etc.
  • Plan lunch and supper as the main meals of the day
  • Make dishes for supper lighter than those for lunch, since people normally go to sleep after supper
  • Include the following in a lunch and supper menus:

Menus:

  • Appetizer: such as any drinking soup, if desired e. g. pepper soup
  • Main course/ dish: e. g. meat/ fish, melon and pounded yam/ gari/ semovita/ foofoo
  • Desert: e. g. pawpaw rings

Assignment: explain the nutritional needs of a lactating mother

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See also

BUDGETING

SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF FOOD

HEALTHY FEEDING AND EATING PRACTICES

GOOD POSTURE AND EXERCISE

THE TEETH, HANDS AND FEET

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