Table of Contents
FEATURES USED FOR IDENTIFICATION IN PLANTS
Type of leaf
(a) Compound leaves.
(b) Type of venation.
- Simple leaf
- Type of leaf margin.
- Type of leaf arrangement on stem.
- The colour of leaf.
- The texture ofleaf; whether hairy or smooth.
- Shape of the leaf e.g. palmate.
- Type of stem – woody or herbaceous.
- Shape of stem – cylindrical or rectangular.
- Texture of stem smooth or spiny.
- Are flowers terminal or lateral
- For each flower:
- Is the flower regular or irregular?
- Number of floral parts for each whorl.
- Are floral parts free or fused?
- Type of root system- Taproot or fibrous?
- Function of the root.
Features used to identify animals:
- Type of mouthparts.
- Type of skeleton.
- Presence or absence of antennae.
- Body segmentation.
- Body covering: scales, fur, hair or feathers.
- Number of body parts.
- Locomotory structures: legs, wings and fins.
- Presence or absence of vertebral column.
- Presence and type of eves.
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