It occurs due to temporary loss of blood flow in the brain causing a brief loss of consciousness.

– Illness such as anemia

– After receiving bad or good news

– Hunger

– Overworking

– Standing for a long time

– Avoid standing for too long.

– Avoid overcrowding and poorly ventilated rooms.

Break bad news calmly.

Lay the casualty down and raise the legs slightly above the level of his head.

Loosen all tight clothing.

Ensure there is plenty of fresh air.

Reassure the casualty.

Gradually, raise him into the sitting position and give sips of water, if required.

If he/she does not regain consciousness, seek medical assistance.

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