Skip to content

There are four factors of production namely:

  1. Land : rent
  2. Labour: wages or salary
  3. Capital: Interest
  4. Entrepreneur: Profit

Land

Land is a free gift of nature. It is te oldest factor of production. It involves water, forest, wind resources, etc. Its reward is rent.

Features of land

  1. Land is a free gift of nature
  2. Land is immobile
  3. Land is subject to diminishing returns
  4. Its supply is fixed by nature.

Importance of land

  1. Land is used for cultivation i.e farming
  2. It is used for livestock production, rearing of animals such as goats, sheep, cattle and poultry, etc
  3. Land is used for wildlife conservation
  4. It is used for residential purpose e.g building houses, shops, etc
  5. Land is the source of minerals like gold, kerosene, petroleum, etc
  6. It can be used as collateral security to obtain loan in the bank.

 

Labour

Labour means human efforts(both physical and mental efforts) put into production. Labour could be skilled, semi- skilled or unskilled. The reward for labour is wages or salary.

Features of labour

  1. Labour is a mobile factor. It can be moved from one place to another.
  2. It is a human factor
  3. It has feeling
  4. Labour cannot be predicted.

Importance of labour

  1. Labour is needed to operate machines.
  2. It influences other factors of production
  3. It helps in the production of goods and services.
  4. It provides the required skill needed in production.

 

Capital

Capital is a man-made wealth used in production. The reward is interest.

Features of capital

  1. Capital is a man-made wealth.
  2. It is subjected to depreciation
  3. It can change its form
  4. Capital is highly durable.

Importance of capital

  1. Capital facilitates production
  2. It increases the standard of living
  3. It attracts investors on the business
  4. It can help in the production of quality goods.

 

Entrepreneur

This coordinates and organizes all other factors of production for more productive purposes. He is the risk bearer manager and his reward is profit.

Features of Entrepreneur

  1. He is the risk bearer.
  2. He provides the capital for business
  3. He is a decision maker
  4. He employs labour
  5. He controls other factors.

Importance of Entrepreneur

  1. Entrepreneur provides the capital needed for production
  2. He bears the risk of the business
  3. He manages and controls the business
  4. He is the decision maker

 

Relationship between producer and the consumers

  1. Producer is someone/individual that manufactures the products or goods needed by the consumers.
  2. Consumers are those that make use of the goods .

Production starts with the producer and ends with the consumers. Production is not complete until the goods produced reach the final consumers.

 

ASSIGNMENT

  1. Give the factors of production and their rewards.
  2. Explain land and its features
  3. State four importance of land

See also:

PRODUCTION

DEVELOPMENT IN KEYBOARDING

PRINTER’S CORRECTION SIGNS

THREE COLUMN CASH BOOK

DOUBLE COLUMN CASH BOOK

 

Related Words

  • factors of production
  • factors of production definition economics
  • factors of production examples
  • factors of production industrial revolution
  • factors of production in economics
  • factors of production in a sentence
  • factors of production include
  • factors of production labor
  • factors of production def
  • factors of production definition world history
  • ands end
  • land rover
  • land for sale near me
  • land for sale texas
  • land for sale california
  • land for sale
  • land rover defender
  • landmark credit union
  • landon donovan
  • landscape
  • labour
  • labour party
  • labour day
  • labour day 2023
  • laboure college
  • labour party uk
  • laboure
  • labour meaning
  • labour or labor
  • labour day 2022
  • capital one
  • capital one login
  • capital one credit card
  • capital grille
  • capital one customer service
  • capitalism
  • capital one bank
  • capital one travel
  • capital one auto finance
  • capital one near me
SUBSCRIBE BELOW FOR A GIVEAWAY

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

School Portal NG