FACTORS INFLUENCING RAINFALL TYPES AND AMOUNTS

  1. Relief/Topography

Relief features such as mountains and hills results in the rising and cooling of moist winds to form relief rainfall.

  1. Aspect

Windward slopes which are on the path of rain bearing winds receive heavier rainfall than leeward slopes which face away.

  1. Forests and Water Bodies

Areas near forests and large water bodies experience higher rainfall and more often due to high rate of evaporation.

  1. Air pressure

High pressure areas receive low rainfall than low pressure areas due to pushing of air masses from high pressure to low pressure. The high pressure areas have descending dry air.

  1. Air masses

When warm and cold air masses meet frontal rainfall is formed.

  1. Ocean Currents
  • It influences rainfall whereby coasts washed by warm ocean currents experience heavy rainfall when moist onshore winds are warmed by the current and made to hold on to moisture which they release on reaching the land.
  • The coasts washed by cold ocean currents on the other hand experience low rainfall as a result of moist winds being cooled and moisture in them condensed resulting in rain falling over the ocean thereby bringing little or no rain to the coastal areas.

This is the cause of western margin deserts e.g. Kalahari and Namib deserts.

 

See also

BUSH FALLOWING IN WEST AFRICA

MINING

MINERALS IN EAST AFRICA

PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN FIELD WORK

MINERALS AND ROCKS

SUBSCRIBE BELOW FOR A GIVEAWAY

Building & maintaining an elearning portal is very expensive, that is why you see other elearning websites charge some fees. Help to keep this learning portal free by telling mum or dad to donate to help you and others to continue to use this portal. Thank you so much. Click here to donate

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

error: Content is protected !!
Exit mobile version