English Language (All Classes)
An adjectival clause acts as an adjective in a sentence, that is, it modifies a noun or a pronoun.
The bushman, who knew the forest well, told us about the hidden cave. (Who knew the forest well is an adjectival clause that modifies the noun bushman).
The bushman told us a legend that involved the cave. (That involved the cave is an adjectival clause that modifies the noun legend).
Some sentences do not take objects or adverbs (or adverbial phrases) after the verbs.
Instead, they take complements.
A complement is the part of the sentence that gives more information about the subject (subject complement) or about the object (object complement) of the sentence.
An infinitive is a verb form that usually appears with the word to before it.
To is called the sign of the infinitive.
To lift to eat to launch to register To is a preposition if it is followed by a noun or noun phrase, but it is a sign of the infinitive if it is followed by a verb or verb phrase.
PHRASES. What is a phrase?.
A phrase is a group of words without a subject or a predicate or both and does not express a complete thought.
Therefore, a phrase can never stand on its own as a complete sentence.
Using different kinds of phrases enables a writer or a speaker to create informative and descriptive sentences that vary in structure.
IDIOMS AND SAYINGS.
An idiom is a phrase that has a special meaning as a whole.
The meaning of an idiom is different from the meanings of its separate words.
Examples: It was raining cats and dogs.
The idiom raining cats and dogs does not mean that cats and dogs were falling out of the sky! It means “raining heavily”.